How to concatenate (join) items in a list to a single string

Question:

How do I concatenate a list of strings into a single string?

For example, given ['this', 'is', 'a', 'sentence'], how do I get "this-is-a-sentence"?


For handling a few strings in separate variables, see How do I append one string to another in Python?.

For the opposite process – creating a list from a string – see How do I split a string into a list of characters? or How do I split a string into a list of words? as appropriate.

Asked By: alvas

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Answers:

Use str.join:

>>> words = ['this', 'is', 'a', 'sentence']
>>> '-'.join(words)
'this-is-a-sentence'
>>> ' '.join(words)
'this is a sentence'
Answered By: Burhan Khalid

Edit from the future: Please don’t use the answer below. This function was removed in Python 3 and Python 2 is dead. Even if you are still using Python 2 you should write Python 3 ready code to make the inevitable upgrade easier.


Although @Burhan Khalid’s answer is good, I think it’s more understandable like this:

from str import join

sentence = ['this','is','a','sentence']

join(sentence, "-") 

The second argument to join() is optional and defaults to " ".

Answered By: SilentVoid

A more generic way to convert Python lists to strings would be:

>>> my_lst = [1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10]
>>> my_lst_str = ''.join(map(str, my_lst))
>>> print(my_lst_str)
12345678910
Answered By: Aaron S

It’s very useful for beginners to know
why join is a string method.

It’s very strange at the beginning, but very useful after this.

The result of join is always a string, but the object to be joined can be of many types (generators, list, tuples, etc).

.join is faster because it allocates memory only once. Better than classical concatenation (see, extended explanation).

Once you learn it, it’s very comfortable and you can do tricks like this to add parentheses.

>>> ",".join("12345").join(("(",")"))
Out:
'(1,2,3,4,5)'

>>> list = ["(",")"]
>>> ",".join("12345").join(list)
Out:
'(1,2,3,4,5)'
Answered By: Wallebot

We can also use Python’s reduce function:

from functools import reduce

sentence = ['this','is','a','sentence']
out_str = str(reduce(lambda x,y: x+"-"+y, sentence))
print(out_str)
Answered By: Nishkarsh Dixit

We can specify how we join the string. Instead of '-', we can use ' ':

sentence = ['this','is','a','sentence']
s=(" ".join(sentence))
print(s)
Answered By: Abhishek V
def eggs(someParameter):
    del spam[3]
    someParameter.insert(3, ' and cats.')


spam = ['apples', 'bananas', 'tofu', 'cats']
eggs(spam)
spam =(','.join(spam))
print(spam)
Answered By: Pyte

If you want to generate a string of strings separated by commas in final result, you can use something like this:

sentence = ['this','is','a','sentence']
sentences_strings = "'" + "','".join(sentence) + "'"
print (sentences_strings) # you will get "'this','is','a','sentence'"
Answered By: Carmoreno

Without .join() method you can use this method:

my_list=["this","is","a","sentence"]

concenated_string=""
for string in range(len(my_list)):
    if string == len(my_list)-1:
        concenated_string+=my_list[string]
    else:
        concenated_string+=f'{my_list[string]}-'
print([concenated_string])
    >>> ['this-is-a-sentence']

So, range based for loop in this example , when the python reach the last word of your list, it should’nt add "-" to your concenated_string. If its not last word of your string always append "-" string to your concenated_string variable.

Answered By: Abdulmecid Pamuk
list_abc = ['aaa', 'bbb', 'ccc']

string = ''.join(list_abc)
print(string)
>>> aaabbbccc

string = ','.join(list_abc)
print(string)
>>> aaa,bbb,ccc

string = '-'.join(list_abc)
print(string)
>>> aaa-bbb-ccc

string = 'n'.join(list_abc)
print(string)
>>> aaa
>>> bbb
>>> ccc
Answered By: mounirboulwafa

If you have a mixed content list and want to stringify it, here is one way:

Consider this list:

>>> aa
[None, 10, 'hello']

Convert it to string:

>>> st = ', '.join(map(str, map(lambda x: f'"{x}"' if isinstance(x, str) else x, aa)))
>>> st = '[' + st + ']'
>>> st
'[None, 10, "hello"]'

If required, convert back to the list:

>>> ast.literal_eval(st)
[None, 10, 'hello']
Answered By: wiredcontrol
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