How do I get the row count of a Pandas DataFrame?


How do I get the number of rows of a pandas dataframe df?

Asked By: yemu



For a dataframe df, one can use any of the following:

Performance plot

Code to reproduce the plot:

import numpy as np
import pandas as pd
import perfplot
    setup=lambda n: pd.DataFrame(np.arange(n * 3).reshape(n, 3)),
    n_range=[2**k for k in range(25)],
        lambda df: len(df.index),
        lambda df: df.shape[0],
        lambda df: df[df.columns[0]].count(),
    labels=["len(df.index)", "df.shape[0]", "df[df.columns[0]].count()"],
    xlabel="Number of rows",
Answered By: root

Use len(df) :-).

__len__() is documented with "Returns length of index".

Timing info, set up the same way as in root’s answer:

In [7]: timeit len(df.index)
1000000 loops, best of 3: 248 ns per loop

In [8]: timeit len(df)
1000000 loops, best of 3: 573 ns per loop

Due to one additional function call, it is of course correct to say that it is a bit slower than calling len(df.index) directly. But this should not matter in most cases. I find len(df) to be quite readable.

Apart from the previous answers, you can use df.axes to get the tuple with row and column indexes and then use the len() function:

total_rows = len(df.axes[0])
total_cols = len(df.axes[1])
Answered By: Nik

Suppose df is your dataframe then:

count_row = df.shape[0]  # Gives number of rows
count_col = df.shape[1]  # Gives number of columns

Or, more succinctly,

r, c = df.shape
Answered By: Nasir Shah

TL;DR use len(df)

len() returns the number of items(the length) of a list object(also works for dictionary, string, tuple or range objects). So, for getting row counts of a DataFrame, simply use len(df).
For more about len function, see the official page.

Alternatively, you can access all rows and all columns with df.index, and df.columns,respectively. Since you can use the len(anyList) for getting the element numbers, using the
len(df.index) will give the number of rows, and len(df.columns) will give the number of columns.

Or, you can use df.shape which returns the number of rows and columns together (as a tuple) where you can access each item with its index. If you want to access the number of rows, only use df.shape[0]. For the number of columns, only use: df.shape[1].

Answered By: Memin

I come to Pandas from an R background, and I see that Pandas is more complicated when it comes to selecting rows or columns.

I had to wrestle with it for a while, and then I found some ways to deal with:

Getting the number of columns:

## Here:
# df is your data.frame
# df.columns returns a string. It contains column's titles of the df.
# Then, "len()" gets the length of it.

Getting the number of rows:

len(df.index) # It's similar.
Answered By: Catbuilts

For dataframe df, a printed comma formatted row count used while exploring data:

def nrow(df):


Answered By: Vlad

…building on Jan-Philip Gehrcke’s answer.

The reason why len(df) or len(df.index) is faster than df.shape[0]:

Look at the code. df.shape is a @property that runs a DataFrame method calling len twice.

Type:        property
String form: <property object at 0x1127b33c0>
# df.shape.fget
def shape(self):
    Return a tuple representing the dimensionality of the DataFrame.
    return len(self.index), len(self.columns)

And beneath the hood of len(df)

Signature: df.__len__()
    def __len__(self):
        """Returns length of info axis, but here we use the index """
        return len(self.index)
File:      ~/miniconda2/lib/python2.7/site-packages/pandas/core/
Type:      instancemethod

len(df.index) will be slightly faster than len(df) since it has one less function call, but this is always faster than df.shape[0]

Answered By: debo

In case you want to get the row count in the middle of a chained operation, you can use:



row_count = (

This can be useful if you don’t want to put a long statement inside a len() function.

You could use __len__() instead but __len__() looks a bit weird.

Answered By: Allen Qin

How do I get the row count of a Pandas DataFrame?

This table summarises the different situations in which you’d want to count something in a DataFrame (or Series, for completeness), along with the recommended method(s).

Enter image description here


  1. DataFrame.count returns counts for each column as a Series since the non-null count varies by column.
  2. DataFrameGroupBy.size returns a Series, since all columns in the same group share the same row-count.
  3. DataFrameGroupBy.count returns a DataFrame, since the non-null count could differ across columns in the same group. To get the group-wise non-null count for a specific column, use df.groupby(...)['x'].count() where "x" is the column to count.

Minimal Code Examples

Below, I show examples of each of the methods described in the table above. First, the setup –

df = pd.DataFrame({
    'A': list('aabbc'), 'B': ['x', 'x', np.nan, 'x', np.nan]})
s = df['B'].copy()


   A    B
0  a    x
1  a    x
2  b  NaN
3  b    x
4  c  NaN


0      x
1      x
2    NaN
3      x
4    NaN
Name: B, dtype: object

Row Count of a DataFrame: len(df), df.shape[0], or len(df.index)

# 5

# 5

# 5

It seems silly to compare the performance of constant time operations, especially when the difference is on the level of "seriously, don’t worry about it". But this seems to be a trend with other answers, so I’m doing the same for completeness.

Of the three methods above, len(df.index) (as mentioned in other answers) is the fastest.


  • All the methods above are constant time operations as they are simple attribute lookups.
  • df.shape (similar to ndarray.shape) is an attribute that returns a tuple of (# Rows, # Cols). For example, df.shape returns (8, 2) for the example here.

Column Count of a DataFrame: df.shape[1], len(df.columns)

# 2

# 2

Analogous to len(df.index), len(df.columns) is the faster of the two methods (but takes more characters to type).

Row Count of a Series: len(s), s.size, len(s.index)

# 5

# 5

# 5

s.size and len(s.index) are about the same in terms of speed. But I recommend len(df).

size is an attribute, and it returns the number of elements (=count
of rows for any Series). DataFrames also define a size attribute which
returns the same result as df.shape[0] * df.shape[1].

Non-Null Row Count: DataFrame.count and Series.count

The methods described here only count non-null values (meaning NaNs are ignored).

Calling DataFrame.count will return non-NaN counts for each column:


A    5
B    3
dtype: int64

For Series, use Series.count to similar effect:

# 3

Group-wise Row Count: GroupBy.size

For DataFrames, use DataFrameGroupBy.size to count the number of rows per group.


a    2
b    2
c    1
dtype: int64

Similarly, for Series, you’ll use SeriesGroupBy.size.


a    2
b    2
c    1
Name: B, dtype: int64

In both cases, a Series is returned. This makes sense for DataFrames as well since all groups share the same row-count.

Group-wise Non-Null Row Count: GroupBy.count

Similar to above, but use GroupBy.count, not GroupBy.size. Note that size always returns a Series, while count returns a Series if called on a specific column, or else a DataFrame.

The following methods return the same thing:


a    2
b    2
c    1
Name: B, dtype: int64

Meanwhile, for count, we have


a  2
b  1
c  0

…called on the entire GroupBy object, vs.,


a    2
b    1
c    0
Name: B, dtype: int64

Called on a specific column.

Answered By: cs95

An alternative method to finding out the amount of rows in a dataframe which I think is the most readable variant is pandas.Index.size.

Do note that, as I commented on the accepted answer,

Suspected pandas.Index.size would actually be faster than len(df.index) but timeit on my computer tells me otherwise (~150 ns slower per loop).

Answered By: gosuto

I’m not sure if this would work (data could be omitted), but this may work:

*dataframe name*.tails(1)

and then using this, you could find the number of rows by running the code snippet and looking at the row number that was given to you.

Answered By: Abhiraam Eranti

Either of this can do it (df is the name of the DataFrame):

Method 1: Using the len function:

len(df) will give the number of rows in a DataFrame named df.

Method 2: using count function:

df[col].count() will count the number of rows in a given column col.

df.count() will give the number of rows for all the columns.

You can do this also:

Let’s say df is your dataframe. Then df.shape gives you the shape of your dataframe i.e (row,col)

Thus, assign the below command to get the required

 row = df.shape[0], col = df.shape[1]
Answered By: Saurav

Think, the dataset is "data" and name your dataset as " data_fr " and number of rows in the data_fr is "nu_rows"

#import the data frame. Extention could be different as csv,xlsx or etc.
data_fr = pd.read_csv('data.csv')

#print the number of rows
nu_rows = data_fr.shape[0]
Answered By: SamithaP

When using len(df) or len(df.index) you might encounter this error:

----> 4 df['id'] = np.arange(len(df.index)
TypeError: 'int' object is not callable


lengh = df.shape[0]
Answered By: Lorenzo Bassetti

len(df.index) would work the fastest of all the ways listed

Answered By: Zaid Parkar

For a dataframe df:

When you’re still writing your code:

  1. len(df)
  2. df.shape[0]

Fastest once your code is done:

  • len(df.index)

At normal data sizes each option will finish in under a second. So the "fastest" option is actually whichever one lets you work the fastest, which can be len(df) or df.shape[0] if you already have a subsetted df and want to just add .shape[0] briefly in an interactive session.

In final optimized code, the fastest runtime is len(df.index).

Performance plot

df[df.columns[0]].count() was omitted in the above discussion because no commenter has identified a case where it is useful. It is exponentially slow, and long to type. It provides the number of non-NaN values in the first column.

Code to reproduce the plot:

pip install pandas perfplot

import numpy as np
import pandas as pd
import perfplot
    setup=lambda n: pd.DataFrame(np.arange(n * 3).reshape(n, 3)),
    n_range=[2**k for k in range(25)],
        lambda df: len(df.index),
        lambda df: len(df),
        lambda df: df.shape[0],
        lambda df: df[df.columns[0]].count(),
    labels=["len(df.index)", "df.shape[0]", "df[df.columns[0]].count()"],
    xlabel="Number of rows",
Answered By: Jimmy Carter
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