I am trying to import a module from a particular directory.
The problem is that if I use
sys.path.append(mod_directory) to append the path and then open the python interpreter, the directory
mod_directory gets added to the end of the list sys.path. If I export the
PYTHONPATH variable before opening the python interpreter, the directory gets added to the start of the list. In the latter case I can import the module but in the former, I cannot.
Can somebody explain why this is happening and give me a solution to add the
mod_directory to the start, inside a python script ?
This is working as documented. Any paths specified in
PYTHONPATH are documented as normally coming after the working directory but before the standard interpreter-supplied paths.
sys.path.append() appends to the existing path. See here and here. If you want a particular directory to come first, simply insert it at the head of sys.path:
import sys sys.path.insert(0,'/path/to/mod_directory')
That said, there are usually better ways to manage imports than either using
PYTHONPATH or manipulating
sys.path directly. See, for example, the answers to this question.
You could use:
import os path = 'the path you want' os.environ['PATH'] += ':'+path
Temporarily changing dirs works well for importing:
cwd = os.getcwd() os.chdir(<module_path>) import <module> os.chdir(cwd)
When running a Python script from Powershell under Windows, this should work:
$pathToSourceRoot = "C:/Users/Steve/YourCode" $env:PYTHONPATH = "$($pathToSourceRoot);$($pathToSourceRoot)/subdirs_if_required" # Now run the actual script python your_script.py
As to me, i need to caffe to my python path. I can add it’s path to the file
/home/xy/.bashrc by add
But when I use pycharm, the path is still not in.
So I can add path to
PYTHONPATH variable, by run -> edit Configuration.