How do I prepend an integer to the beginning of a list?
[1, 2, 3] ⟶ [42, 1, 2, 3]
>>> x = 42 >>> xs = [1, 2, 3] >>> [x] + xs [42, 1, 2, 3]
Note: don’t use
list as a variable name.
>>> x = 42 >>> xs = [1, 2, 3] >>> xs.insert(0, x) >>> xs [42, 1, 2, 3]
How it works:
Insert an item at a given position. The first argument is the index of the element before which to insert, so
xs.insert(0, x) inserts at the front of the list, and
xs.insert(len(xs), x) is equivalent to
xs.append(x). Negative values are treated as being relative to the end of the list.
Another way of doing the same,
list[0:0] = [a]
Note that if you are trying to do that operation often, especially in loops, a list is the wrong data structure.
Lists are not optimized for modifications at the front, and
somelist.insert(0, something) is an O(n) operation.
del somelist are also O(n) operations.
The correct data structure to use is a
deque from the
collections module. deques expose an interface that is similar to those of lists, but are optimized for modifications from both endpoints. They have an
appendleft method for insertions at the front.
In : lst = *1000 In : timeit -n1000 lst.insert(0, 1) 1000 loops, best of 3: 794 ns per loop In : from collections import deque In : deq = deque(*1000) In : timeit -n1000 deq.appendleft(1) 1000 loops, best of 3: 73 ns per loop
New lists can be made by simply adding lists together.
list1 = ['value1','value2','value3'] list2 = ['value0'] newlist=list2+list1 print(newlist)
None of these worked for me. I converted the first element to be part of a series (a single element series), and converted the second element also to be a series, and used append function.
l = ((pd.Series(<first element>)).append(pd.Series(<list of other elements>))).tolist()
Based on some (minimal) benchmarks using the
timeit module it seems that the following has similar if not better performance than the accepted answer
new_lst = [a, *lst]
[a] + list this will create a new list and not mutate
If your intention is to mutate the list then use
make sure that ur_data is of string type
so if u have
data= int(5) convert it to
ur_data = str(data)
You can use Unpack list:
a = 5
li = [1,2,3]
li = [a, *li]
=> [5, 1, 2, 3]
>>> from collections import deque >>> my_list = deque() >>> my_list.append(1) # append right >>> my_list.append(2) # append right >>> my_list.append(3) # append right >>> my_list.appendleft(100) # append left >>> my_list deque([100, 1, 2, 3]) >>> my_list 100
collections.deque is faster than Python pure
list in a loop Relevant-Post.