Deleting DataFrame row in Pandas based on column value

Question:

I have the following DataFrame:

             daysago  line_race rating        rw    wrating
 line_date                                                 
 2007-03-31       62         11     56  1.000000  56.000000
 2007-03-10       83         11     67  1.000000  67.000000
 2007-02-10      111          9     66  1.000000  66.000000
 2007-01-13      139         10     83  0.880678  73.096278
 2006-12-23      160         10     88  0.793033  69.786942
 2006-11-09      204          9     52  0.636655  33.106077
 2006-10-22      222          8     66  0.581946  38.408408
 2006-09-29      245          9     70  0.518825  36.317752
 2006-09-16      258         11     68  0.486226  33.063381
 2006-08-30      275          8     72  0.446667  32.160051
 2006-02-11      475          5     65  0.164591  10.698423
 2006-01-13      504          0     70  0.142409   9.968634
 2006-01-02      515          0     64  0.134800   8.627219
 2005-12-06      542          0     70  0.117803   8.246238
 2005-11-29      549          0     70  0.113758   7.963072
 2005-11-22      556          0     -1  0.109852  -0.109852
 2005-11-01      577          0     -1  0.098919  -0.098919
 2005-10-20      589          0     -1  0.093168  -0.093168
 2005-09-27      612          0     -1  0.083063  -0.083063
 2005-09-07      632          0     -1  0.075171  -0.075171
 2005-06-12      719          0     69  0.048690   3.359623
 2005-05-29      733          0     -1  0.045404  -0.045404
 2005-05-02      760          0     -1  0.039679  -0.039679
 2005-04-02      790          0     -1  0.034160  -0.034160
 2005-03-13      810          0     -1  0.030915  -0.030915
 2004-11-09      934          0     -1  0.016647  -0.016647

I need to remove the rows where line_race is equal to 0. What’s the most efficient way to do this?

Asked By: TravisVOX

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Answers:

If I’m understanding correctly, it should be as simple as:

df = df[df.line_race != 0]
Answered By: tshauck

The best way to do this is with boolean masking:

In [56]: df
Out[56]:
     line_date  daysago  line_race  rating    raw  wrating
0   2007-03-31       62         11      56  1.000   56.000
1   2007-03-10       83         11      67  1.000   67.000
2   2007-02-10      111          9      66  1.000   66.000
3   2007-01-13      139         10      83  0.881   73.096
4   2006-12-23      160         10      88  0.793   69.787
5   2006-11-09      204          9      52  0.637   33.106
6   2006-10-22      222          8      66  0.582   38.408
7   2006-09-29      245          9      70  0.519   36.318
8   2006-09-16      258         11      68  0.486   33.063
9   2006-08-30      275          8      72  0.447   32.160
10  2006-02-11      475          5      65  0.165   10.698
11  2006-01-13      504          0      70  0.142    9.969
12  2006-01-02      515          0      64  0.135    8.627
13  2005-12-06      542          0      70  0.118    8.246
14  2005-11-29      549          0      70  0.114    7.963
15  2005-11-22      556          0      -1  0.110   -0.110
16  2005-11-01      577          0      -1  0.099   -0.099
17  2005-10-20      589          0      -1  0.093   -0.093
18  2005-09-27      612          0      -1  0.083   -0.083
19  2005-09-07      632          0      -1  0.075   -0.075
20  2005-06-12      719          0      69  0.049    3.360
21  2005-05-29      733          0      -1  0.045   -0.045
22  2005-05-02      760          0      -1  0.040   -0.040
23  2005-04-02      790          0      -1  0.034   -0.034
24  2005-03-13      810          0      -1  0.031   -0.031
25  2004-11-09      934          0      -1  0.017   -0.017

In [57]: df[df.line_race != 0]
Out[57]:
     line_date  daysago  line_race  rating    raw  wrating
0   2007-03-31       62         11      56  1.000   56.000
1   2007-03-10       83         11      67  1.000   67.000
2   2007-02-10      111          9      66  1.000   66.000
3   2007-01-13      139         10      83  0.881   73.096
4   2006-12-23      160         10      88  0.793   69.787
5   2006-11-09      204          9      52  0.637   33.106
6   2006-10-22      222          8      66  0.582   38.408
7   2006-09-29      245          9      70  0.519   36.318
8   2006-09-16      258         11      68  0.486   33.063
9   2006-08-30      275          8      72  0.447   32.160
10  2006-02-11      475          5      65  0.165   10.698

UPDATE: Now that pandas 0.13 is out, another way to do this is df.query('line_race != 0').

Answered By: Phillip Cloud

But for any future bypassers you could mention that df = df[df.line_race != 0] doesn’t do anything when trying to filter for None/missing values.

Does work:

df = df[df.line_race != 0]

Doesn’t do anything:

df = df[df.line_race != None]

Does work:

df = df[df.line_race.notnull()]
Answered By: wonderkid2

The given answer is correct nontheless as someone above said you can use df.query('line_race != 0') which depending on your problem is much faster. Highly recommend.

Answered By: h3h325

just to add another solution, particularly useful if you are using the new pandas assessors, other solutions will replace the original pandas and lose the assessors

df.drop(df.loc[df['line_race']==0].index, inplace=True)
Answered By: desmond

Another way of doing it. May not be the most efficient way as the code looks a bit more complex than the code mentioned in other answers, but still alternate way of doing the same thing.

  df = df.drop(df[df['line_race']==0].index)
Answered By: Amruth Lakkavaram

Though the previous answer are almost similar to what I am going to do, but using the index method does not require using another indexing method .loc(). It can be done in a similar but precise manner as

df.drop(df.index[df['line_race'] == 0], inplace = True)
Answered By: Loochie

If you want to delete rows based on multiple values of the column, you could use:

df[(df.line_race != 0) & (df.line_race != 10)]

To drop all rows with values 0 and 10 for line_race.

Answered By: Robvh

Just adding another way for DataFrame expanded over all columns:

for column in df.columns:
   df = df[df[column]!=0]

Example:

def z_score(data,count):
   threshold=3
   for column in data.columns:
       mean = np.mean(data[column])
       std = np.std(data[column])
       for i in data[column]:
           zscore = (i-mean)/std
           if(np.abs(zscore)>threshold):
               count=count+1
               data = data[data[column]!=i]
   return data,count
Answered By: Prateek Kumar Singh

I compiled and run my code. This is accurate code. You can try it your own.

data = pd.read_excel('file.xlsx')

If you have any special character or space in column name you can write it in '' like in the given code:

data = data[data['expire/t'].notnull()]
print (date)

If there is just a single string column name without any space or special
character you can directly access it.

data = data[data.expire ! = 0]
print (date)
Answered By: Uzair

In case of multiple values and str dtype

I used the following to filter out given values in a col:

def filter_rows_by_values(df, col, values):
    return df[~df[col].isin(values)]

Example:

In a DataFrame I want to remove rows which have values "b" and "c" in column "str"

df = pd.DataFrame({"str": ["a","a","a","a","b","b","c"], "other": [1,2,3,4,5,6,7]})
df
   str  other
0   a   1
1   a   2
2   a   3
3   a   4
4   b   5
5   b   6
6   c   7

filter_rows_by_values(df, "str", ["b","c"])

   str  other
0   a   1
1   a   2
2   a   3
3   a   4
Answered By: Mo_Offical

Adding one more way to do this.

 df = df.query("line_race!=0")
Answered By: Tufail Waris

One of the efficient and pandaic way is using eq() method:

df[~df.line_race.eq(0)]
Answered By: ashkangh

Just in case you need to delete the row, but the value can be in different columns.
In my case I was using percentages so I wanted to delete the rows which has a value 1 in any column, since that means that it’s the 100%

for x in df:
    df.drop(df.loc[df[x]==1].index, inplace=True)

Is not optimal if your df have too many columns.

Answered By: juan escorcia

It doesn’t make much difference for simple example like this, but for complicated logic, I prefer to use drop() when deleting rows because it is more straightforward than using inverse logic. For example, delete rows where A=1 AND (B=2 OR C=3).

Here’s a scalable syntax that is easy to understand and can handle complicated logic:

df.drop( df.query(" `line_race` == 0 ").index)
Answered By: wisbucky

You can try using this:

df.drop(df[df.line_race != 0].index, inplace = True)

.

Answered By: Aniket Mukherjee
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