'list' object has no attribute 'shape'


how to create an array to numpy array?

def test(X, N):
    [n,T] = X.shape
    print "n : ", n
    print "T : ", T

if __name__=="__main__":

    X = [[[-9.035250067710876], [7.453250169754028], [33.34074878692627]], [[-6.63700008392334], [5.132999956607819], [31.66075038909912]], [[-5.1272499561309814], [8.251499891281128], [30.925999641418457]]]
    N = 200
    test(X, N)

I am getting error as

AttributeError: 'list' object has no attribute 'shape'

So, I think I need to convert my X to numpy array?

Asked By: sam



Use numpy.array to use shape attribute.

>>> import numpy as np
>>> X = np.array([
...     [[-9.035250067710876], [7.453250169754028], [33.34074878692627]],
...     [[-6.63700008392334], [5.132999956607819], [31.66075038909912]],
...     [[-5.1272499561309814], [8.251499891281128], [30.925999641418457]]
... ])
>>> X.shape
(3L, 3L, 1L)

NOTE X.shape returns 3-items tuple for the given array; [n, T] = X.shape raises ValueError.

Answered By: falsetru
import numpy
X = numpy.array(the_big_nested_list_you_had)

It’s still not going to do what you want; you have more bugs, like trying to unpack a 3-dimensional shape into two target variables in test.

Answered By: user2357112

list object in python does not have ‘shape’ attribute because ‘shape’ implies that all the columns (or rows) have equal length along certain dimension.

Let’s say list variable a has following properties:

a = [[2, 3, 4]
    [0, 1]
    [87, 8, 1]]

it is impossible to define ‘shape’ for variable ‘a’.
That is why ‘shape’ might be determined only with ‘arrays’ e.g.

b = numpy.array([[2, 3, 4]
    [0, 1, 22]
    [87, 8, 1]])

I hope this explanation clarifies well this question.

Answered By: Yura Vasiliuk

Alternatively, you can use np.shape(...)

For instance:

import numpy as np

and np.shape(a) will give an output of (3,)

Answered By: Ludwig Zhou

If the type is list, use len(list) and len(list[0]) to get the row and column.

l = [[1,2,3,4], [0,1,3,4]]

len(l) will be 2.

len(l[0]) will be 4.

Answered By: ZHX

Firstly you have to import numpy library (refer code for making a numpy array).
shape only gives the output only if the variable is attribute of numpy library. In other words it must be a np.array or any other data structure of numpy.

import numpy
(2, 2)
Answered By: yunus

İf you have list, you can print its shape as if it is converted to array

import numpy as np
Answered By: ali ceran
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