Flask raises TemplateNotFound error even though template file exists

Question:

I am trying to render the file home.html. The file exists in my project, but I keep getting jinja2.exceptions.TemplateNotFound: home.html when I try to render it. Why can’t Flask find my template?

from flask import Flask, render_template

app = Flask(__name__)

@app.route('/')
def home():
    return render_template('home.html')
/myproject
    app.py
    home.html
Asked By: Srdan Ristic

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Answers:

You must create your template files in the correct location; in the templates subdirectory next to the python module (== the module where you create your Flask app).

The error indicates that there is no home.html file in the templates/ directory. Make sure you created that directory in the same directory as your python module, and that you did in fact put a home.html file in that subdirectory. If your app is a package, the templates folder should be created inside the package.

myproject/
    app.py
    templates/
        home.html
myproject/
    mypackage/
        __init__.py
        templates/
            home.html

Alternatively, if you named your templates folder something other than templates and don’t want to rename it to the default, you can tell Flask to use that other directory.

app = Flask(__name__, template_folder='template')  # still relative to module

You can ask Flask to explain how it tried to find a given template, by setting the EXPLAIN_TEMPLATE_LOADING option to True. For every template loaded, you’ll get a report logged to the Flask app.logger, at level INFO.

This is what it looks like when a search is successful; in this example the foo/bar.html template extends the base.html template, so there are two searches:

[2019-06-15 16:03:39,197] INFO in debughelpers: Locating template "foo/bar.html":
    1: trying loader of application "flaskpackagename"
       class: jinja2.loaders.FileSystemLoader
       encoding: 'utf-8'
       followlinks: False
       searchpath:
         - /.../project/flaskpackagename/templates
       -> found ('/.../project/flaskpackagename/templates/foo/bar.html')
[2019-06-15 16:03:39,203] INFO in debughelpers: Locating template "base.html":
    1: trying loader of application "flaskpackagename"
       class: jinja2.loaders.FileSystemLoader
       encoding: 'utf-8'
       followlinks: False
       searchpath:
         - /.../project/flaskpackagename/templates
       -> found ('/.../project/flaskpackagename/templates/base.html')

Blueprints can register their own template directories too, but this is not a requirement if you are using blueprints to make it easier to split a larger project across logical units. The main Flask app template directory is always searched first even when using additional paths per blueprint.

Answered By: Martijn Pieters

Check that:

  1. the template file has the right name
  2. the template file is in a subdirectory called templates
  3. the name you pass to render_template is relative to the template directory (index.html would be directly in the templates directory, auth/login.html would be under the auth directory in the templates directory.)
  4. you either do not have a subdirectory with the same name as your app, or the templates directory is inside that subdir.

If that doesn’t work, turn on debugging (app.debug = True) which might help figure out what’s wrong.

Answered By: Eric

I don’t know why, but I had to use the following folder structure instead. I put “templates” one level up.

project/
    app/
        hello.py
        static/
            main.css
    templates/
        home.html
    venv/

This probably indicates a misconfiguration elsewhere, but I couldn’t figure out what that was and this worked.

Answered By: François Breton

You need to put all you .html files in the template folder next to your python module. And if there are any images that you are using in your html files then you need put all your files in the folder named static

In the following Structure

project/
    hello.py
    static/
        image.jpg
        style.css
    templates/
        homepage.html
    virtual/
        filename.json
Answered By: Madhusudan chowdary

I had the same error turns out the only thing i did wrong was to name my ‘templates’ folder,’template’ without ‘s’.
After changing that it worked fine,dont know why its a thing but it is.

Answered By: Shubham Khaire

I think Flask uses the directory template by default. So your code should be like this

suppose this is your hello.py

from flask import Flask,render_template

app=Flask(__name__,template_folder='template')


@app.route("/")
def home():
    return render_template('home.html')

@app.route("/about/")
def about():
    return render_template('about.html')

if __name__=="__main__":
    app.run(debug=True)

And you work space structure like

project/
    hello.py        
    template/
         home.html
         about.html    
    static/
           js/
             main.js
           css/
               main.css

also you have create two html files with name of home.html and about.html and put those files in templates folder.

Answered By: Akshay Karande

When render_template() function is used it tries to search for template in the folder called templates and it throws error jinja2.exceptions.TemplateNotFound when :

  1. the file does not exist or
  2. the templates folder does not exist

Create a folder with name templates in the same directory where the python file is located and place the html file created in the templates folder.

Answered By: Vader

If you must use a customized project directory structure (other than the accepted answer project structure),
we have the option to tell flask to look in the appropriate level of the directory hierarchy for explicit paths.

for example..

    app = Flask(__name__, template_folder='../templates')
    app = Flask(__name__, template_folder='../templates', static_folder='../static')

Starting with ../ moves one directory backwards and starts there.

Starting with ../../ moves two directories backwards and starts there (and so on…).

Within a sub-directory…

template_folder='templates/some_template'
Answered By: None

Another alternative is to set the root_path which fixes the problem both for templates and static folders.

root_path = Path(sys.executable).parent if getattr(sys, 'frozen', False) else Path(__file__).parent
app = Flask(__name__.split('.')[0], root_path=root_path)

If you render templates directly via Jinja2, then you write:

ENV = jinja2.Environment(loader=jinja2.FileSystemLoader(str(root_path / 'templates')))
template = ENV.get_template(your_template_name)
Answered By: Max

If you run your code from an installed package, make sure template files are present in directory <python root>/lib/site-packages/your-package/templates.


Some details:

In my case I was trying to run examples of project flask_simple_ui and jinja would always say

jinja2.exceptions.TemplateNotFound: form.html

The trick was that sample program would import installed package flask_simple_ui. And ninja being used from inside that package is using as root directory for lookup the package path, in my case ...python/lib/site-packages/flask_simple_ui, instead of os.getcwd() as one would expect.

To my bad luck, setup.py has a bug and doesn’t copy any html files, including the missing form.html. Once I fixed setup.py, the problem with TemplateNotFound vanished.

I hope it helps someone.

Answered By: Yuri Pozniak

My problem was that the file I was referencing from inside my home.html was a .j2 instead of a .html, and when I changed it back jinja could read it.

Stupid error but it might help someone.

Answered By: half of a glazier

Another explanation I’ve figured out for myself
When you create the Flask application, the folder where templates is looked for is the folder of the application according to name you’ve provided to Flask constructor:

app = Flask(__name__)

The __name__ here is the name of the module where application is running. So the appropriate folder will become the root one for folders search.

projects/
    yourproject/
        app/
            templates/

So if you provide instead some random name the root folder for the search will be current folder.

Answered By: Ralfeus

After lots of work around, I got solution from this post only,
Link to the solution post

Add full path to template_folder parameter

app = Flask(__name__,
        template_folder='/home/project/templates/'
        )
Answered By: Kiran
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