I recently came across this syntax, I am unaware of the difference.
I would appreciate it if someone could tell me the difference.
In this case, they are the same.
None is a singleton object (there only ever exists one
is checks to see if the object is the same object, while == just checks if they are equivalent.
p =  q =  p is q # False because they are not the same actual object p == q # True because they are equivalent
But since there is only one
None, they will always be the same, and
is will return True.
p = None q = None p is q # True because they are both pointing to the same "None"
The answer is explained here.
A class is free to implement
comparison any way it chooses, and it
can choose to make comparison against
None mean something (which actually
makes sense; if someone told you to
implement the None object from
scratch, how else would you get it to
compare True against itself?).
Practically-speaking, there is not much difference since custom comparison operators are rare. But you should use
is None as a general rule.
class Foo: def __eq__(self,other): return True foo=Foo() print(foo==None) # True print(foo is None) # False
If you use numpy,
if np.zeros(3)==None: pass
will give you error when numpy does elementwise comparison
It depends on what you are comparing to None. Some classes have custom comparison methods that treat
== None differently from
In particular the output of
a == None does not even have to be boolean !! – a frequent cause of bugs.
For a specific example take a numpy array where the
== comparison is implemented elementwise:
import numpy as np a = np.zeros(3) # now a is array([0., 0., 0.]) a == None #compares elementwise, outputs array([False, False, False]), i.e. not boolean!!! a is None #compares object to object, outputs False