I have a directory which hosts all of my Django apps (
C:My_Projects). I want to add this directory to my
PYTHONPATH so I can call the apps directly.
I tried adding
C:My_Projects; to my Windows
Path variable from the Windows GUI (
My Computer > Properties > Advanced System Settings > Environment Variables). But it still doesn’t read the coltrane module and generates this error:
Error: No module named coltrane
You need to add to your PYTHONPATH variable instead of Windows PATH variable.
From Windows command line:
To set the PYTHONPATH permanently, add the line to your
autoexec.bat. Alternatively, if you edit the system variable through the System Properties, it will also be changed permanently.
These solutions work, but they work for your code ONLY on your machine. I would add a couple of lines to your code that look like this:
import sys if "C:\My_Python_Lib" not in sys.path: sys.path.append("C:\My_Python_Lib")
That should take care of your problems
You know what has worked for me really well on windows.
My Computer > Properties > Advanced System Settings > Environment Variables >
Just add the path as C:Python27 (or wherever you installed python)
Then under system variables I create a new Variable called
PythonPath. In this variable I have
This is the best way that has worked for me which I hadn’t found in any of the docs offered.
EDIT: For those who are not able to get it,
along with it. Else it will never work.
PYTHONPATH variable needs to be set for
ArcPY when ArcGIS Desktop is installed.
PYTHONPATH=C:arcgisbin (your ArcGIS home bin)
For some reason it never was set when I used the installer on a Windows 7 32-bit system.
You can also add a
.pth file containing the desired directory in either your
c:PythonX.X folder, or your
site-packages folder, which tends to be my preferred method when I’m developing a Python package.
See here for more information.
Just append your installation path (ex. C:Python27) to the PATH variable in System variables. Then close and open your command line and type ‘python’.
To augment PYTHONPATH, run regedit and navigate to KEY_LOCAL_MACHINE
SOFTWAREPythonPythonCore and then select the folder for the python
version you wish to use. Inside this is a folder labelled PythonPath,
with one entry that specifies the paths where the default install
stores modules. Right-click on PythonPath and choose to create a new
key. You may want to name the key after the project whose module
locations it will specify; this way, you can easily compartmentalize
and track your path modifications.
The easier way to set the path in python is :
click start> My Computer >Properties > Advanced System Settings > Environment Variables >
second windows >
select Path > Edit > and then add “;C:Python27;C:Python27Scripts”
For anyone trying to achieve this with Python 3.3+, the Windows installer now includes an option to add python.exe to the system search path. Read more in the docs.
Windows 7 Professional
I Modified @mongoose_za’s answer to make it easier to change the python version:
Add the following to the existing variable:
Click [OK] to close all of the windows.
As a final sanity check open a command prompt and enter python. You should see
>python [whatever version you are using]
If you need to switch between versions, you only need to modify the PY_HOME variable to point to the proper directory. This is bit easier to manage if you need multiple python versions installed.
In Python 3.4 on windows it worked when I added it to PATH enviroment variable instead of PYTHONPATH. Like if you have installed Python 3.4 in D:ProgrammingPython34 then add this at the end of your PATH environment variable
Close and reopen command prompt and execute ‘python’. It will open the python shell. This also fixed my Sublime 3 issue of ‘python is not recognized as an internal or external command’.
Adding Python and PythonPath to the Windows environment:
Under ‘System Variables’:
Maybe a little late, but this is how you add the path to the Windows Environment Variables.
Go to the Environment Variables tab, you do this by pressing Windows key + Pausa inter.
Go to Advanced System Settings.
Click on Environment Variables.
On the lower window search for the ‘Path’ value.
Click on Edit
In the end of the line add your instalation folder and the route to ‘Scripts’ folder.
Click ok, aceptar etc.
You’re done, enter cmd and write python from any location of your drive, it should enter the Python program.
Example with my pc (I have
Hope it helps.
Greetings from Bogotá
The python 2.X paths can be set from few of the above instructions.
Python 3 by default will be installed in
So this path has to be added to Path variable in windows environment.
import sys sys.path.append("path/to/Modules") print sys.path
This won’t persist over reboots or get translated to other files. It is however great if you don’t want to make a permanent modification to your system.
The easiest way to do that successfully, is to run the python installer again (after the first installation) and then:
The PYTHONPATH environment variable is used by Python to specify a list of directories that modules can be imported from on Windows. When running, you can inspect the
sys.path variable to see which directories will be searched when you import something.
To set this variable from the Command Prompt, use:
To set this variable from PowerShell, use:
$env:PYTHONPATH=’list;of;paths’ just before you launch Python.
Setting this variable globally through the Environment Variables settings is not recommended, as it may be used by any version of Python instead of the one that you intend to use. Read more in the Python on Windows FAQ docs.
I got it worked in Windows 10 by following below steps.
Under environment variables, you should only add it under PATH of “System Variables” and not under “User Variables“. This is a great confusion and eats time if we miss it.
Also, just try to navigate to the path where you got Python installed in your machine and add it to PATH. This just works and no need to add any other thing in my case.I added just below path and it worked.
Most important, close command prompt, re-open and then re-try typing “python” to see the version details. You need to restart command prompt to see the version after setting up the path in environment variables.
After restarting, you should be able to see the python prompt and below info when typing python in command prompt:
While this question is about the ‘real’ Python, it did come up in a websearch for ‘Iron Python PYTHONPATH’. For Iron Python users as confused as I was: It turns out that Iron Python looks for an environment variable called
Linux/Mac/POSIX users: Don’t forget that not only does Windows use
as path separators, but it also uses
; as path delimiters, not
This question needs a proper answer:
site, which was made for this job!
and here is how (plagiating my own answer to my own question on the very same topic):
>>> import site >>> site.USER_SITE 'C:\Users\ojdo\AppData\Roaming\Python\Python37\site-packages' ...
python -m site --user-site for the same effect.)
... >>> import os >>> os.makedirs(site.USER_SITE) ...
(Or, in Bash, your preferred variant of
makedirs -p $(python -m site --user-site).)
sitecustomize.py(with exactly this filename, or it won’t work) in this folder containing the content of
FIND_MY_PACKAGES, either manually or using something like the following code. Of course, you have to change
C:My_Projectsto the correct path to your custom import location.
... >>> FIND_MY_PACKAGES = """ import site site.addsitedir(r'C:My_Projects') """ >>> filename = os.path.join(site.USER_SITE, 'sitecustomize.py') >>> with open(filename, 'w') as outfile: ... print(FIND_MY_PACKAGES, file=outfile)
And the next time you start Python,
C:My_Projects is present in your
sys.path, without having to touch system-wide settings. Bonus: the above steps work on Linux, too!
[Then] an attempt is made to import a module named
sitecustomize, which can perform arbitrary site-specific customizations. […].
So if you create a module named
sitecustomize anywhere in PYTHONPATH, package site will execute it at Python startup. And by calling
sys.path can be safely extended to your liking.
To make sure Python can find code based on the directory you are executing this code from, if not already there, add to your system environment variable: key