How can I use Python to get the system hostname?


I’m writing a chat program for a local network. I would like be able to identify computers and get the user-set computer name with Python.

Asked By: John



Use socket and its gethostname() functionality. This will get the hostname of the computer where the Python interpreter is running:

import socket
Answered By: Alex

If I’m correct, you’re looking for the socket.gethostname function:

>> import socket
>> socket.gethostname()
Answered By: terminus

socket.gethostname() could do

Answered By: vpit3833

On some systems, the hostname is set in the environment. If that is the case for you, the os module can pull it out of the environment via os.getenv. For example, if HOSTNAME is the environment variable containing what you want, the following will get it:

import os
system_name = os.getenv('HOSTNAME')

Update: As noted in the comments, this doesn’t always work, as not everyone’s environment is set up this way. I believe that at the time I initially answered this I was using this solution as it was the first thing I’d found in a web search and it worked for me at the time. Due to the lack of portability I probably wouldn’t use this now. However, I am leaving this answer for reference purposes. FWIW, it does eliminate the need for other imports if your environment has the system name and you are already importing the os module. Test it – if it doesn’t work in all the environments in which you expect your program to operate, use one of the other solutions provided.

Answered By: GreenMatt

Both of these are pretty portable:

import platform

import socket

Any solutions using the HOST or HOSTNAME environment variables are not portable. Even if it works on your system when you run it, it may not work when run in special environments such as cron.

Answered By: robert

What about :

import platform

h = platform.uname()[1]

Actually you may want to have a look to all the result in platform.uname()

Answered By: Lucien Hercaud

os.getenv('HOSTNAME') and os.environ['HOSTNAME'] don’t always work. In cron jobs and WSDL, HTTP HOSTNAME isn’t set. Use this instead:

import socket

It always (even on Windows) returns a fully qualified host name, even if you defined a short alias in /etc/hosts.

If you defined an alias in /etc/hosts then socket.gethostname() will return the alias. platform.uname()[1] does the same thing.

I ran into a case where the above didn’t work. This is what I’m using now:

import socket
if socket.gethostname().find('.')>=0:

It first calls gethostname to see if it returns something that looks like a host name, if not it uses my original solution.

Answered By: Tom Ekberg

You will probably load the os module anyway, so another suggestion would be:

import os
myhost = os.uname()[1]
Answered By: mike0042

I needed the name of the PC to use in my PyLog conf file, and the socket library is not available, but os library is.

For Windows I used:

os.getenv('COMPUTERNAME', 'defaultValue')

Where defaultValue is a string to prevent None being returned

Answered By: Bill Kidd

From at least python >= 3.3:

You can use the field nodename and avoid using array indexing:


Although, even the documentation of os.uname suggests using socket.gethostname()

Answered By: Shubham Chaudhary

You have to execute this line of code

sock_name = socket.gethostname()

And then you can use the name to find the addr :

Answered By: Parzifal Kali

To get fully qualified hostname use socket.getfqdn()

import socket

print socket.getfqdn()
Answered By: Rishi Bansal
Categories: questions Tags: ,
Answers are sorted by their score. The answer accepted by the question owner as the best is marked with
at the top-right corner.