Convert string "Jun 1 2005 1:33PM" into datetime

Question:

How do I convert the following string to a datetime object?

"Jun 1 2005  1:33PM"
Asked By: Oli

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Answers:

Check out strptime in the time module. It is the inverse of strftime.

$ python
>>> import time
>>> my_time = time.strptime('Jun 1 2005  1:33PM', '%b %d %Y %I:%M%p')
time.struct_time(tm_year=2005, tm_mon=6, tm_mday=1,
                 tm_hour=13, tm_min=33, tm_sec=0,
                 tm_wday=2, tm_yday=152, tm_isdst=-1)

timestamp = time.mktime(my_time)
# convert time object to datetime
from datetime import datetime
my_datetime = datetime.fromtimestamp(timestamp)
# convert time object to date
from datetime import date
my_date = date.fromtimestamp(timestamp)
Answered By: florin

datetime.strptime parses an input string in the user-specified format into a timezone-naive datetime object:

>>> from datetime import datetime
>>> datetime.strptime('Jun 1 2005  1:33PM', '%b %d %Y %I:%M%p')
datetime.datetime(2005, 6, 1, 13, 33)

To obtain a date object using an existing datetime object, convert it using .date():

>>> datetime.strptime('Jun 1 2005', '%b %d %Y').date()
date(2005, 6, 1)

Links:

Notes:

  • strptime = "string parse time"
  • strftime = "string format time"
Answered By: Patrick Harrington

Use the third-party dateutil library:

from dateutil import parser
parser.parse("Aug 28 1999 12:00AM")  # datetime.datetime(1999, 8, 28, 0, 0)

It can handle most date formats and is more convenient than strptime since it usually guesses the correct format. It is also very useful for writing tests, where readability is more important than performance.

Install it with:

pip install python-dateutil
Answered By: Simon Willison

Something that isn’t mentioned here and is useful: adding a suffix to the day. I decoupled the suffix logic so you can use it for any number you like, not just dates.

import time

def num_suffix(n):
    '''
    Returns the suffix for any given int
    '''
    suf = ('th','st', 'nd', 'rd')
    n = abs(n) # wise guy
    tens = int(str(n)[-2:])
    units = n % 10
    if tens > 10 and tens < 20:
        return suf[0] # teens with 'th'
    elif units <= 3:
        return suf[units]
    else:
        return suf[0] # 'th'

def day_suffix(t):
    '''
    Returns the suffix of the given struct_time day
    '''
    return num_suffix(t.tm_mday)

# Examples
print num_suffix(123)
print num_suffix(3431)
print num_suffix(1234)
print ''
print day_suffix(time.strptime("1 Dec 00", "%d %b %y"))
print day_suffix(time.strptime("2 Nov 01", "%d %b %y"))
print day_suffix(time.strptime("3 Oct 02", "%d %b %y"))
print day_suffix(time.strptime("4 Sep 03", "%d %b %y"))
print day_suffix(time.strptime("13 Nov 90", "%d %b %y"))
print day_suffix(time.strptime("14 Oct 10", "%d %b %y"))​​​​​​​
Answered By: Aram Kocharyan

I have put together a project that can convert some really neat expressions. Check out timestring.

Here are some examples below:

pip install timestring

>>> import timestring
>>> timestring.Date('monday, aug 15th 2015 at 8:40 pm')
<timestring.Date 2015-08-15 20:40:00 4491909392>
>>> timestring.Date('monday, aug 15th 2015 at 8:40 pm').date
datetime.datetime(2015, 8, 15, 20, 40)
>>> timestring.Range('next week')
<timestring.Range From 03/10/14 00:00:00 to 03/03/14 00:00:00 4496004880>
>>> (timestring.Range('next week').start.date, timestring.Range('next week').end.date)
(datetime.datetime(2014, 3, 10, 0, 0), datetime.datetime(2014, 3, 14, 0, 0))
Answered By: Steve Peak

Many timestamps have an implied timezone. To ensure that your code will work in every timezone, you should use UTC internally and attach a timezone each time a foreign object enters the system.

Python 3.2+:

>>> datetime.datetime.strptime(
...     "March 5, 2014, 20:13:50", "%B %d, %Y, %H:%M:%S"
... ).replace(tzinfo=datetime.timezone(datetime.timedelta(hours=-3)))

This assumes you know the offset. If you don’t, but you know e.g. the location, you can use the pytz package to query the IANA time zone database for the offset. I’ll use Tehran here as an example because it has a half-hour offset:

>>> tehran = pytz.timezone("Asia/Tehran")
>>> local_time = tehran.localize(
...   datetime.datetime.strptime("March 5, 2014, 20:13:50",
...                              "%B %d, %Y, %H:%M:%S")
... )
>>> local_time
datetime.datetime(2014, 3, 5, 20, 13, 50, tzinfo=<DstTzInfo 'Asia/Tehran' +0330+3:30:00 STD>)

As you can see, pytz has determined that the offset was +3:30 at that particular date. You can now convert this to UTC time, and it will apply the offset:

>>> utc_time = local_time.astimezone(pytz.utc)
>>> utc_time
datetime.datetime(2014, 3, 5, 16, 43, 50, tzinfo=<UTC>)

Note that dates before the adoption of timezones will give you weird offsets. This is because the IANA has decided to use Local Mean Time:

>>> chicago = pytz.timezone("America/Chicago")
>>> weird_time = chicago.localize(
...   datetime.datetime.strptime("November 18, 1883, 11:00:00",
...                              "%B %d, %Y, %H:%M:%S")
... )
>>> weird_time.astimezone(pytz.utc)
datetime.datetime(1883, 11, 18, 7, 34, tzinfo=<UTC>)

The weird "7 hours and 34 minutes" are derived from the longitude of Chicago. I used this timestamp because it is right before standardized time was adopted in Chicago.

Answered By: Janus Troelsen

Django Timezone aware datetime object example.

import datetime
from django.utils.timezone import get_current_timezone
tz = get_current_timezone()

format = '%b %d %Y %I:%M%p'
date_object = datetime.datetime.strptime('Jun 1 2005  1:33PM', format)
date_obj = tz.localize(date_object)

This conversion is very important for Django and Python when you have USE_TZ = True:

RuntimeWarning: DateTimeField MyModel.created received a naive datetime (2016-03-04 00:00:00) while time zone support is active.
Answered By: Ryu_hayabusa

Remember this and you didn’t need to get confused in datetime conversion again.

String to datetime object = strptime

datetime object to other formats = strftime

Jun 1 2005 1:33PM

is equals to

%b %d %Y %I:%M%p

%b Month as locale’s abbreviated name(Jun)

%d Day of the month as a zero-padded decimal number(1)

%Y Year with century as a decimal number(2015)

%I Hour (12-hour clock) as a zero-padded decimal number(01)

%M Minute as a zero-padded decimal number(33)

%p Locale’s equivalent of either AM or PM(PM)

so you need strptime i-e converting string to

>>> dates = []
>>> dates.append('Jun 1 2005  1:33PM')
>>> dates.append('Aug 28 1999 12:00AM')
>>> from datetime import datetime
>>> for d in dates:
...     date = datetime.strptime(d, '%b %d %Y %I:%M%p')
...     print type(date)
...     print date
... 

Output

<type 'datetime.datetime'>
2005-06-01 13:33:00
<type 'datetime.datetime'>
1999-08-28 00:00:00

What if you have different format of dates you can use panda or dateutil.parse

>>> import dateutil
>>> dates = []
>>> dates.append('12 1 2017')
>>> dates.append('1 1 2017')
>>> dates.append('1 12 2017')
>>> dates.append('June 1 2017 1:30:00AM')
>>> [parser.parse(x) for x in dates]

OutPut

[datetime.datetime(2017, 12, 1, 0, 0), datetime.datetime(2017, 1, 1, 0, 0), datetime.datetime(2017, 1, 12, 0, 0), datetime.datetime(2017, 6, 1, 1, 30)]
Answered By: Rizwan Mumtaz

You can use easy_date to make it easy:

import date_converter
converted_date = date_converter.string_to_datetime('Jun 1 2005  1:33PM', '%b %d %Y %I:%M%p')
Answered By: Raphael Amoedo

Here are two solutions using Pandas to convert dates formatted as strings into datetime.date objects.

import pandas as pd

dates = ['2015-12-25', '2015-12-26']

# 1) Use a list comprehension.
>>> [d.date() for d in pd.to_datetime(dates)]
[datetime.date(2015, 12, 25), datetime.date(2015, 12, 26)]

# 2) Convert the dates to a DatetimeIndex and extract the python dates.
>>> pd.DatetimeIndex(dates).date.tolist()
[datetime.date(2015, 12, 25), datetime.date(2015, 12, 26)]

Timings

dates = pd.DatetimeIndex(start='2000-1-1', end='2010-1-1', freq='d').date.tolist()

>>> %timeit [d.date() for d in pd.to_datetime(dates)]
# 100 loops, best of 3: 3.11 ms per loop

>>> %timeit pd.DatetimeIndex(dates).date.tolist()
# 100 loops, best of 3: 6.85 ms per loop

And here is how to convert the OP’s original date-time examples:

datetimes = ['Jun 1 2005  1:33PM', 'Aug 28 1999 12:00AM']

>>> pd.to_datetime(datetimes).to_pydatetime().tolist()
[datetime.datetime(2005, 6, 1, 13, 33), 
 datetime.datetime(1999, 8, 28, 0, 0)]

There are many options for converting from the strings to Pandas Timestamps using to_datetime, so check the docs if you need anything special.

Likewise, Timestamps have many properties and methods that can be accessed in addition to .date

Answered By: Alexander
In [34]: import datetime

In [35]: _now = datetime.datetime.now()

In [36]: _now
Out[36]: datetime.datetime(2016, 1, 19, 9, 47, 0, 432000)

In [37]: print _now
2016-01-19 09:47:00.432000

In [38]: _parsed = datetime.datetime.strptime(str(_now),"%Y-%m-%d %H:%M:%S.%f")

In [39]: _parsed
Out[39]: datetime.datetime(2016, 1, 19, 9, 47, 0, 432000)

In [40]: assert _now == _parsed
Answered By: guneysus

Create a small utility function like:

def date(datestr="", format="%Y-%m-%d"):
    from datetime import datetime
    if not datestr:
        return datetime.today().date()
    return datetime.strptime(datestr, format).date()

This is versatile enough:

  • If you don’t pass any arguments it will return today’s date.
  • There’s a date format as default that you can override.
  • You can easily modify it to return a datetime.
Answered By: Mackraken

arrow offers many useful functions for dates and times. This bit of code provides an answer to the question and shows that arrow is also capable of formatting dates easily and displaying information for other locales.

>>> import arrow
>>> dateStrings = [ 'Jun 1  2005 1:33PM', 'Aug 28 1999 12:00AM' ]
>>> for dateString in dateStrings:
...     dateString
...     arrow.get(dateString.replace('  ',' '), 'MMM D YYYY H:mmA').datetime
...     arrow.get(dateString.replace('  ',' '), 'MMM D YYYY H:mmA').format('ddd, Do MMM YYYY HH:mm')
...     arrow.get(dateString.replace('  ',' '), 'MMM D YYYY H:mmA').humanize(locale='de')
...
'Jun 1  2005 1:33PM'
datetime.datetime(2005, 6, 1, 13, 33, tzinfo=tzutc())
'Wed, 1st Jun 2005 13:33'
'vor 11 Jahren'
'Aug 28 1999 12:00AM'
datetime.datetime(1999, 8, 28, 0, 0, tzinfo=tzutc())
'Sat, 28th Aug 1999 00:00'
'vor 17 Jahren'

See http://arrow.readthedocs.io/en/latest/ for more.

Answered By: Bill Bell

See my answer.

In real-world data this is a real problem: multiple, mismatched, incomplete, inconsistent and multilanguage/region date formats, often mixed freely in one dataset. It’s not ok for production code to fail, let alone go exception-happy like a fox.

We need to try…catch multiple datetime formats fmt1,fmt2,…,fmtn and suppress/handle the exceptions (from strptime()) for all those that mismatch (and in particular, avoid needing a yukky n-deep indented ladder of try..catch clauses). From my solution

def try_strptime(s, fmts=['%d-%b-%y','%m/%d/%Y']):
    for fmt in fmts:
        try:
            return datetime.strptime(s, fmt)
        except:
            continue

    return None # or reraise the ValueError if no format matched, if you prefer
Answered By: smci

If you want only date format then you can manually convert it by passing your individual fields like:

>>> import datetime
>>> date = datetime.date(int('2017'),int('12'),int('21'))
>>> date
datetime.date(2017, 12, 21)
>>> type(date)
<type 'datetime.date'>

You can pass your split string values to convert it into date type like:

selected_month_rec = '2017-09-01'
date_formate = datetime.date(int(selected_month_rec.split('-')[0]),int(selected_month_rec.split('-')[1]),int(selected_month_rec.split('-')[2]))

You will get the resulting value in date format.

Answered By: Javed

I personally like the solution using the parser module, which is the second answer to this question and is beautiful, as you don’t have to construct any string literals to get it working. But, one downside is that it is 90% slower than the accepted answer with strptime.

from dateutil import parser
from datetime import datetime
import timeit

def dt():
    dt = parser.parse("Jun 1 2005  1:33PM")
def strptime():
    datetime_object = datetime.strptime('Jun 1 2005  1:33PM', '%b %d %Y %I:%M%p')

print(timeit.timeit(stmt=dt, number=10**5))
print(timeit.timeit(stmt=strptime, number=10**5))

Output:

10.70296801342902
1.3627995655316933

As long as you are not doing this a million times over and over again, I still think the parser method is more convenient and will handle most of the time formats automatically.

Answered By: user1767754

This would be helpful for converting a string to datetime and also with a time zone:

def convert_string_to_time(date_string, timezone):

    from datetime import datetime
    import pytz

    date_time_obj = datetime.strptime(date_string[:26], '%Y-%m-%d %H:%M:%S.%f')
    date_time_obj_timezone = pytz.timezone(timezone).localize(date_time_obj)

    return date_time_obj_timezone

date = '2018-08-14 13:09:24.543953+00:00'
TIME_ZONE = 'UTC'
date_time_obj_timezone = convert_string_to_time(date, TIME_ZONE)
Answered By: Kanish Mathew

Use:

emp = pd.read_csv("C:\py\programs\pandas_2\pandas\employees.csv")
emp.info()

It shows "Start Date Time" Column and "Last Login Time" both are "object = strings" in data-frame:

<class 'pandas.core.frame.DataFrame'>
RangeIndex: 1000 entries, 0 to 999
Data columns (total 8 columns):
First Name           933 non-null object
Gender               855 non-null object

    Start Date           1000 non-null object

    Last Login Time      1000 non-null object

Salary               1000 non-null int64
Bonus %              1000 non-null float64
Senior Management    933 non-null object
Team                 957 non-null object
dtypes: float64(1), int64(1), object(6)
memory usage: 62.6+ KB

By using the parse_dates option in read_csv mention, you can convert your string datetime into the pandas datetime format.

emp = pd.read_csv("C:\py\programs\pandas_2\pandas\employees.csv", parse_dates=["Start Date", "Last Login Time"])
emp.info()

Output:

<class 'pandas.core.frame.DataFrame'>
RangeIndex: 1000 entries, 0 to 999
Data columns (total 8 columns):
First Name           933 non-null object
Gender               855 non-null object

     Start Date           1000 non-null datetime64[ns]
     Last Login Time      1000 non-null datetime64[ns]

Salary               1000 non-null int64
Bonus %              1000 non-null float64
Senior Management    933 non-null object
Team                 957 non-null object
dtypes: datetime64[ns](2), float64(1), int64(1), object(4)
memory usage: 62.6+ KB
Answered By: Riz.Khan

Python >= 3.7

To convert a YYYY-MM-DD string to a datetime object, datetime.fromisoformat could be used.

from datetime import datetime

date_string = "2012-12-12 10:10:10"
print (datetime.fromisoformat(date_string))
2012-12-12 10:10:10

Caution from the documentation:

This does not support parsing arbitrary ISO 8601 strings – it is only intended as the inverse operation of datetime.isoformat(). A more full-featured ISO 8601 parser, dateutil.parser.isoparse is available in the third-party package dateutil.

Answered By: SuperNova

You can also check out dateparser:

dateparser provides modules to easily parse localized dates in almost
any string formats commonly found on web pages.

Install:

pip install dateparser

This is, I think, the easiest way you can parse dates.

The most straightforward way is to use the dateparser.parse function,
that wraps around most of the functionality in the module.

Sample code:

import dateparser

t1 = 'Jun 1 2005  1:33PM'
t2 = 'Aug 28 1999 12:00AM'

dt1 = dateparser.parse(t1)
dt2 = dateparser.parse(t2)

print(dt1)
print(dt2)

Output:

2005-06-01 13:33:00
1999-08-28 00:00:00
Answered By: Bilesh Ganguly

It seems using pandas Timestamp is the fastest:

import pandas as pd

N = 1000

l = ['Jun 1 2005  1:33PM'] * N

list(pd.to_datetime(l, format=format))

%timeit _ = list(pd.to_datetime(l, format=format))
1.58 ms ± 21.6 µs per loop (mean ± std. dev. of 7 runs, 1000 loops each)

Other solutions

from datetime import datetime
%timeit _ = list(map(lambda x: datetime.strptime(x, format), l))
9.41 ms ± 95.7 µs per loop (mean ± std. dev. of 7 runs, 100 loops each)

from dateutil.parser import parse
%timeit _ = list(map(lambda x: parse(x), l))
73.8 ms ± 1.14 ms per loop (mean ± std. dev. of 7 runs, 10 loops each)

If the string is an ISO 8601 string, please use csio8601:

import ciso8601

l = ['2014-01-09'] * N

%timeit _ = list(map(lambda x: ciso8601.parse_datetime(x), l))
186 µs ± 4.13 µs per loop (mean ± std. dev. of 7 runs, 10000 loops each)
Answered By: Grzegorz

If your string is in ISO 8601 format and you have Python 3.7+, you can use the following simple code:

import datetime

aDate = datetime.date.fromisoformat('2020-10-04')

for dates and

import datetime

aDateTime = datetime.datetime.fromisoformat('2020-10-04 22:47:00')

for strings containing date and time. If timestamps are included, the function datetime.datetime.isoformat() supports the following format:

YYYY-MM-DD[*HH[:MM[:SS[.fff[fff]]]][+HH:MM[:SS[.ffffff]]]]

Where * matches any single character. See also here and here.

Answered By: jjm

A short sample mapping a yyyy-mm-dd date string to a datetime.date object:

from datetime import date
date_from_yyyy_mm_dd = lambda δ : date(*[int(_) for _ in δ.split('-')])
date_object = date_from_yyyy_mm_dd('2021-02-15')
Answered By: John Forbes

If you don’t want to explicitly specify which format your string is in with respect to the date time format, you can use this hack to by pass that step:

from dateutil.parser import parse

# Function that'll guess the format and convert it into the python datetime format
def update_event(start_datetime=None, end_datetime=None, description=None):
    if start_datetime is not None:
        new_start_time = parse(start_datetime)

        return new_start_time

# Sample input dates in different formats
d = ['06/07/2021 06:40:23.277000', '06/07/2021 06:40', '06/07/2021']

new = [update_event(i) for i in d]

for date in new:
    print(date)
    # Sample output dates in Python datetime object
    #   2014-04-23 00:00:00
    #   2013-04-24 00:00:00
    #   2014-04-25 00:00:00

If you want to convert it into some other datetime format, just modify the last line with the format you like for example something like date.strftime('%Y/%m/%d %H:%M:%S.%f'):

from dateutil.parser import parse

def update_event(start_datetime=None, end_datetime=None, description=None):
    if start_datetime is not None:
        new_start_time = parse(start_datetime)

        return new_start_time

# Sample input dates in different formats
d = ['06/07/2021 06:40:23.277000', '06/07/2021 06:40', '06/07/2021']

# Passing the dates one by one through the function
new = [update_event(i) for i in d]

for date in new:
    print(date.strftime('%Y/%m/%d %H:%M:%S.%f'))
    # Sample output dates in required Python datetime object
    #   2021/06/07 06:40:23.277000
    #   2021/06/07 06:40:00.000000
    #   2021/06/07 00:00:00.000000

Try running the above snippet to have a better clarity.

Answered By: officialrahulmandal

Similar to Javed’s answer, I just wanted date from string – so combining Simon’s and Javed’s logic, we get:

from dateutil import parser
import datetime

s = '2021-03-04'

parser.parse(s).date()

Output

datetime.date(2021, 3, 4)

Answered By: Grant Shannon
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