Combining Django F, Value and a dict to annotate a queryset


I have a scenario where I want to annotate a queryset with externally prepared data in a dict. I want to do something like the following:

value_dict = {"model1": 123.4, "model2": 567.8}
qs = ModelClass.objects.annotate(
    value=Value(value_dict.get(F('model__code'), 0))

The results currently show all as 0 as the F() doesn’t seem to be the best way to look up the dict seeing as it doesn’t return a string and it is resolved further down the track.

Your help and suggestions would be much appreciated

I’m currently on Python 3.6 and Django 1.11

Asked By: Artisan



The closest I’ve come so far is to loop through the dict and union a whole bunch of filtered query sets based on the dict keys.
Like so:

value_dict = {"model1": 123.4, "model2": 567.8}
array_of_qs = []
for k, v in value_dict.items():
qs = array_of_qs[0].union(*array_of_qs[1:])

The qs will then have the result that I want, which is the values of the dict based on the keys of the dict annotated to each instance.

The beauty of this is that there is only one call to the db which is when I decide to use qs, other than that this whole process doesn’t touch the DB from what I understand.

Not sure there is a better way yet but will wait to see if there are other responses before accepting this one.


Unfortunately the above doesn’t work with values_list or values as of this current version 1.11 of Django due to this issue:

I devised a cleaner way below:

value_dict = {"model1": 123.4, "model2": 567.8}
whens = [
    When(model__code=k, then=v) for k, v in value_dict.items()
qs = ModelClass.objects.all().annotate(

Hope it helps someone

Answered By: Artisan

Not being able to do that has annoyed me for years.

Based on the accepted answer, I’ve designed a generic QuerySet :

def add_from_dict_value(self, reference_dict, fieldname_used_as_key, annotation_name_to_generate, output_field=CharField(), default=None)->:
    enables annotations with values coming from a dictionary

        def add_highlight(self)->models.QuerySet:
            return self.add_from_dict_value(MY_CONVERSION_DICTIONARY, 'rating', 'highlight')

    whens = [
        When(**{fieldname_used_as_key:k, 'then':Value(v)}) for k, v in reference_dict.items()
    return self.annotate(**{
        annotation_name_to_generate : Case(
Answered By: Skratt
Categories: questions Tags: ,
Answers are sorted by their score. The answer accepted by the question owner as the best is marked with
at the top-right corner.