How do I append a string to a Path in Python?


The following code:

from pathlib import Path
Desktop = Path('Desktop')
SubDeskTop = Desktop + "/subdir"

gets the following error:

 TypeError                                 Traceback (most recent call last)
    <ipython-input-4-eb31bbeb869b> in <module>()
             1 from pathlib import Path
             2 Desktop = Path('Desktop')
       ----> 3 SubDeskTop = Desktop+"/subdir"

     TypeError: unsupported operand type(s) for +: 'PosixPath' and 'str'

I’m clearly doing something shady here, but it raises the question: How do I access a subdirectory of a Path object?

Asked By: Ray Salemi



  • The correct operator to extend a pathlib object is /
from pathlib import Path

Desktop = Path('Desktop')

# print(Desktop)

# extend the path to include subdir
SubDeskTop = Desktop / "subdir"

# print(SubDeskTop)

# passing an absolute path has different behavior
SubDeskTop = Path('Desktop') / '/subdir'

# print(SubDeskTop)
  • When several absolute paths are given, the last is taken as an anchor (mimicking os.path.join()’s behavior):
>>> PurePath('/etc', '/usr', 'lib64')

>>> PureWindowsPath('c:/Windows', 'd:bar')
  • In a Windows path, changing the local root doesn’t discard the previous drive setting:
>>> PureWindowsPath('c:/Windows', '/Program Files')
PureWindowsPath('c:/Program Files')
  • Refer to the documentation for addition details pertaining to giving an absolute path, such as Path('/subdir').


Answered By: Ray Salemi

What you’re looking for is:

from pathlib import Path
Desktop = Path('Desktop')
SubDeskTop = Path.joinpath(Desktop, "subdir")

the joinpath() function will append the second parameter to the first and add the ‘/’ for you.

BEWARE SubDeskTop = Path.joinpath(Desktop, "/subdir") won’t work. The slash before subdir ruins it. (From Patrik in the comments).

Answered By: r.ook
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