Undo last Alembic migration


I created a migration with alembic revision --autogenerate, applied it to my development database with alembic upgrade head, and then realised it wasn’t quite what I wanted.

How can I revert the migration so that I can tweak it and try again?

Asked By: Mark Amery



Assuming that you only want to go back one revision, use alembic downgrade with a relative migration identifier of -1:

alembic downgrade -1

This will run the downgrade() method of your latest revision and update the alembic_version table to indicate the revision you’re now at.

If you need to go back multiple migrations, run

alembic history

to view a list of all the migrations in your project (from newest to oldest), then copy and paste the identifier of the migration you want to go back to:

alembic downgrade 8ac14e223d1e

There’s currently no command to delete migrations from your versions directory, so if you want to completely wipe away all trace of your bad migration, you’ll need to delete the version file (like 4c009570237e_add_widget_table.py) manually.

Answered By: Mark Amery

Just a note for the answer of Mark Amery:

If you want to run to downgrade() of a version, you will need to run alembic downgrade the-version-before-it, which mean it will revert to the version after the version that you want to downgrade.

For example, you run alembic history and get the below list:

enter image description here

And assume you want to revert to cdd99ec41968, then you will have to run command:

alembic downgrade 15972effcbd3

Which is the version before the version that we want to revert.

Hope it’s clear enough.

Answered By: fudu

be careful using alembic

consider next revisions:

aaa <-- head
ddd <-- base

if you execute alembic upgrade head you are going to aaa revision.

if you execute alembic downgrade base you are going to ddd revision.

if you execute several times alembic downgrade -1 eventually you can go from aaa to ddd revision. Idem to alembic upgrade +1

if you only want to iterate between aaa and bbb revisions I recommend to use:

for upgrade:

 alembic upgrade head

for downgrade

 alembic downgrade head-1
Answered By: Adán Escobar
Categories: questions Tags: , ,
Answers are sorted by their score. The answer accepted by the question owner as the best is marked with
at the top-right corner.