How do I get the current time in milliseconds in Python?

Question:

How do I get the current time in milliseconds in Python?

Asked By: Naftuli Kay

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Answers:

Using time.time():

import time

def current_milli_time():
    return round(time.time() * 1000)

Then:

>>> current_milli_time()
1378761833768
Answered By: Naftuli Kay

another solution is the function you can embed into your own utils.py

import time as time_ #make sure we don't override time
def millis():
    return int(round(time_.time() * 1000))
Answered By: Cadey

time.time() may only give resolution to the second, the preferred approach for milliseconds is datetime.

from datetime import datetime
dt = datetime.now()
dt.microsecond
Answered By: Jason Polites

If you want a simple method in your code that returns the milliseconds with datetime:

from datetime import datetime
from datetime import timedelta

start_time = datetime.now()

# returns the elapsed milliseconds since the start of the program
def millis():
   dt = datetime.now() - start_time
   ms = (dt.days * 24 * 60 * 60 + dt.seconds) * 1000 + dt.microseconds / 1000.0
   return ms
Answered By: Pascal
def TimestampMillisec64():
    return int((datetime.datetime.utcnow() - datetime.datetime(1970, 1, 1)).total_seconds() * 1000) 
Answered By: user3324131

The simpliest way I’ve found to get the current UTC time in milliseconds is:

# timeutil.py
import datetime


def get_epochtime_ms():
    return round(datetime.datetime.utcnow().timestamp() * 1000)

# sample.py
import timeutil


timeutil.get_epochtime_ms()
Answered By: Laymain

Just sample code:

import time
timestamp = int(time.time()*1000.0)

Output:
1534343781311

Answered By: Wilson Wu

For Python 3.7+, use time.time_ns() to get time as passed nanoseconds from epoch.

This gives time in milliseconds as an integer:

ms = time.time_ns() // 1_000_000 
Answered By: zardosht

These multiplications to 1000 for milliseconds may be decent for solving or making some prerequisite acceptable. It could be used to fill a gap in your database which doesn’t really ever use it. Although, for real situations which require precise timing it would ultimately fail. I wouldn’t suggest anyone use this method for mission-critical operations which require actions, or processing at specific timings.

For example:
round-trip pings being 30-80ms in the USA… You couldn’t just round that up and use it efficiently.

My own example requires tasks at every second which means if I rounded up after the first tasks responded I would still incur the processing time multiplied every main loop cycle. This ended up being a total function call every 60 seconds. that’s ~1440 a day.. not too accurate.

Just a thought for people looking for more accurate reasoning beyond solving a database gap which never really uses it.

Answered By: Mike Guidry

If you’re concerned about measuring elapsed time, you should use the monotonic clock (python 3). This clock is not affected by system clock updates like you would see if an NTP query adjusted your system time, for example.

>>> import time
>>> millis = round(time.monotonic() * 1000)

It provides a reference time in seconds that can be used to compare later to measure elapsed time.

Answered By: Phil Hord

If you use my code (below), the time will appear in seconds, then, after a decimal, milliseconds. I think that there is a difference between Windows and Unix – please comment if there is.

from time import time

x = time()
print(x)

my result (on Windows) was:

1576095264.2682993

EDIT: There is no difference:) Thanks tc0nn

Answered By: hooman

Just another solution using the datetime module for Python 3+.

round(datetime.datetime.timestamp(datetime.datetime.now()) * 1000)

Answered By: Vikas

Time since unix

from time import time
while True:
    print(str(time()*1000)+'ms       r', end='')

Time since start of program

from time import time
init = time()
while True:
    print(str((time()-init)*1000)+'ms         r', end='')

Thanks for your time

Answered By: Lucas Urban

After some testing in Python 3.8+ I noticed that those options give the exact same result, at least in Windows 10.

import time

# Option 1
unix_time_ms_1 = int(time.time_ns() / 1000000)
# Option 2
unix_time_ms_2 = int(time.time() * 1000)

Feel free to use the one you like better and I do not see any need for a more complicated solution then this.

Answered By: Anders Breid

In versions of Python after 3.7, the best answer is to use time.perf_counter_ns(). As stated in the docs:

time.perf_counter() -> float

Return the value (in fractional seconds) of a performance counter, i.e. a clock with the highest available resolution to measure a short duration. It does include time elapsed during sleep and is system-wide. The reference point of the returned value is undefined, so that only the difference between the results of consecutive calls is valid.

time.perf_counter_ns() -> int

Similar to perf_counter(), but return time as nanoseconds

As it says, this is going to use the best counter your system has to offer, and it is specifically designed for using in measuring performance (and therefore tries to avoid the common pitfalls of other timers).

It also gives you a nice integer number of nanoseconds, so just divide by 1000000 to get your milliseconds:

start = time.perf_counter_ns()
# do some work
duration = time.perf_counter_ns() - start
print(f"Your duration was {duration // 1000000}ms.")
Answered By: Andrew Miner

UPDATED: thanks to @neuralmer.

One of the most efficient ways:

(time.time_ns() + 500000) // 1000000  #rounding last digit (1ms digit)

or

time.time_ns() // 1000000          #flooring last digit (1ms digit)

Both are very efficient among other methods.

BENCHMARK:

You can see some benchmark results of different methods on my own machine below:

import time

t = time.perf_counter_ns()
for i in range(1000):
    o = time.time_ns() // 1000000           #each 200 ns
t2 = time.perf_counter_ns()
print((t2 - t)//1000)


t = time.perf_counter_ns()
for i in range(1000):
    o = (time.time_ns() + 500000) // 1000000  #each 227 ns
t2 = time.perf_counter_ns()
print((t2 - t)//1000)


t = time.perf_counter_ns()
for i in range(1000):
    o = round(time.time_ns() / 1000000)    #each 456 ns
t2 = time.perf_counter_ns()
print((t2 - t)//1000)


t = time.perf_counter_ns()
for i in range(1000):
    o = int(time.time_ns() / 1000000)      #each 467 ns
t2 = time.perf_counter_ns()
print((t2 - t)//1000)


t = time.perf_counter_ns()
for i in range(1000):
    o = int(time.time()* 1000)          #each 319 ns
t2 = time.perf_counter_ns()
print((t2 - t)//1000)

t = time.perf_counter_ns()
for i in range(1000):
    o = round(time.time()* 1000)       #each 342 ns
t2 = time.perf_counter_ns()
print((t2 - t)//1000)```
Answered By: Seyfi
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