How can I install packages using pip according to the requirements.txt file from a local directory?


Here is the problem:

I have a requirements.txt file that looks like:


I have a local archive directory containing all the packages + others.

I have created a new virtualenv with

bin/virtualenv testing

Upon activating it, I tried to install the packages according to requirements.txt from the local archive directory.

source bin/activate
pip install -r /path/to/requirements.txt -f file:///path/to/archive/

I got some output that seems to indicate that the installation is fine:

Downloading/unpacking Fabric==1.2.0 (from -r ../testing/requirements.txt (line 3))
  Running egg_info for package Fabric
    warning: no previously-included files matching '*' found under directory 'docs/_build'
    warning: no files found matching ''
Downloading/unpacking South==0.7.3 (from -r ../testing/requirements.txt (line 8))
  Running egg_info for package South

But a later check revealed that none of the packages are installed properly. I cannot import the packages, and none are found in the site-packages directory of my virtualenv. So what went wrong?

Asked By: kakarukeys



This works for me:

$ pip install -r requirements.txt --no-index --find-links file:///tmp/packages

--no-index – Ignore package index (only looking at --find-links URLs instead).

-f, --find-links <URL> – If a URL or path to an HTML file, then parse for links to archives.

If a local path or file:// URL that’s a directory, then look for archives in the directory listing.

Answered By: codeape

This works for everyone:

pip install -r /path/to/requirements.txt


-r, –requirement < filename >

Install from the given requirements file. This option can be used multiple times.

Answered By: Mike Lyons

For virtualenv to install all files in the requirements.txt file.

  1. cd to the directory where requirements.txt is located
  2. activate your virtualenv
  3. run: pip install -r requirements.txt in your shell
Answered By: Aaron Lelevier

Often, you will want a fast install from local archives, without probing PyPI.

First, download the archives that fulfill your requirements:

$ pip install --download <DIR> -r requirements.txt

Then, install using –find-links and –no-index:

$ pip install --no-index --find-links=[file://]<DIR> -r requirements.txt
Answered By: Jadav Bheda

I had a similar problem. I tried this:

    pip install -U -r requirements.txt

(-U = update if it had already installed)

But the problem continued. I realized that some of generic libraries for development were missed.

    sudo apt-get install libtiff5-dev libjpeg8-dev zlib1g-dev liblcms2-dev libwebp-dev tcl8.6-dev tk8.6-dev python-tk

I don’t know if this would help you.

Answered By: enriquetaso


pip install -r requirements.txt

For further details, please check the help option:

pip install --help

We can find the option ‘-r’ –

-r, –requirement Install from the given requirements file. This option can be
used multiple times.

Further information on some commonly used pip install options (this is the help option on the pip install command):

Enter image description here

Also the above is the complete set of options. Please use pip install --help for the complete list of options.

Answered By: Py_minion

I work with a lot of systems that have been mucked by developers "following directions they found on the Internet". It is extremely common that your pip and your python are not looking at the same paths/site-packages. For this reason, when I encounter oddness I start by doing this:

$ python -c 'import sys; print(sys.path)'
['', '/usr/lib/python2.7', '/usr/lib/python2.7/plat-x86_64-linux-gnu',
'/usr/lib/python2.7/lib-tk', '/usr/lib/python2.7/lib-old',
'/usr/lib/python2.7/lib-dynload', '/usr/local/lib/python2.7/dist-packages',

$ pip --version
pip 9.0.1 from /usr/local/lib/python2.7/dist-packages (python 2.7)

That is a happy system.

Below is an unhappy system. (Or at least it’s a blissfully ignorant system that causes others to be unhappy.)

$ pip --version
pip 9.0.1 from /usr/local/lib/python3.6/site-packages (python 3.6)

$ python -c 'import sys; print(sys.path)'
['', '/usr/local/Cellar/python/2.7.13/Frameworks/Python.framework/Versions/2.7/lib/',

$ which pip pip2 pip3

It is unhappy because pip is (python3.6 and) using /usr/local/lib/python3.6/site-packages while python is (python2.7 and) using /usr/local/lib/python2.7/site-packages

When I want to make sure I’m installing requirements to the right python, I do this:

$ which -a python python2 python3

$ /usr/bin/python -m pip install -r requirements.txt

You’ve heard, "If it ain’t broke, don’t try to fix it." The DevOps version of that is, "If you didn’t break it and you can work around it, don’t try to fix it."

Answered By: Bruno Bronosky

Installing requirements.txt file inside virtual env with Python 3:

I had the same issue. I was trying to install the requirements.txt file inside a virtual environment. I found the solution.

Initially, I created my virtualenv in this way:

virtualenv -p python3 myenv

Activate the environment using:

source myenv/bin/activate

Now I installed the requirements.txt file using:

pip3 install -r requirements.txt

Installation was successful and I was able to import the modules.

Answered By: janu777

Short answer

pip install -r /path/to/requirements.txt

or in another form:

python -m pip install -r /path/to/requirements.txt


Here, -r is short form of --requirement and it asks the pip to install from the given requirements file.

pip will start installation only after checking the availability of all listed items in the requirements file and it won’t start installation even if one requirement is unavailable.

One workaround to install the available packages is installing listed packages one by one. Use the following command for that. A red color warning will be shown to notify you about the unavailable packages.

cat requirements.txt | xargs -n 1 pip install

To ignore comments (lines starting with a #) and blank lines, use:

cat requirements.txt | cut -f1 -d"#" | sed '/^s*$/d' | xargs -n 1 pip install
Answered By: Safwan

Try this:

python -m pip install -r requirements.txt
Answered By: user8030544
pip install --user -r requirements.txt 


pip3 install --user -r requirements.txt 
Answered By: user1460675

First of all, create a virtual environment.

In Python 3.6

virtualenv --python=/usr/bin/python3.6 <path/to/new/virtualenv/>

In Python 2.7

virtualenv --python=/usr/bin/python2.7 <path/to/new/virtualenv/>

Then activate the environment and install all the packages available in the requirement.txt file.

source <path/to/new/virtualenv>/bin/activate
pip install -r <path/to/requirement.txt>
Answered By: Girish Vas

I have solved with running the below command:

py -m pip install ./requirements.txt

the above command will install all dependencies and libraries for the Django project.

Answered By: Chatrughan Prasad
  • Create virtual environment python3 -m venv virtual-env (For windows use python instead of python3)
  • Activate your virtual environment source virtual-env/bin/activate
  • Now install requirements pip install -r requirements.txt
Answered By: MD SHAYON

Use pip3 install -r requirements.txt But make sure the requirements.txt file has been pulled from origin and not added to .gitignore

Answered By: Samuel Kamau

In Windows, this can lead to less format-related path issues, if you have


cd c:foldersubfolder 
pip install -r requirements.txt
Answered By: Lorenzo Bassetti
pip install -r requirements.txt
Answered By: Abhinav Singwal
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