Get HTML source of WebElement in Selenium WebDriver using Python

Question:

I’m using the Python bindings to run Selenium WebDriver:

from selenium import webdriver
wd = webdriver.Firefox()

I know I can grab a webelement like so:

elem = wd.find_element_by_css_selector('#my-id')

And I know I can get the full page source with…

wd.page_source

But is there a way to get the "element source"?

elem.source   # <-- returns the HTML as a string

The Selenium WebDriver documentation for Python are basically non-existent and I don’t see anything in the code that seems to enable that functionality.

What is the best way to access the HTML of an element (and its children)?

Asked By: Chris W.

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Answers:

There is not really a straightforward way of getting the HTML source code of a webelement. You will have to use JavaScript. I am not too sure about python bindings, but you can easily do like this in Java. I am sure there must be something similar to JavascriptExecutor class in Python.

 WebElement element = driver.findElement(By.id("foo"));
 String contents = (String)((JavascriptExecutor)driver).executeScript("return arguments[0].innerHTML;", element);
Answered By: nilesh

I hope this could help:
http://selenium.googlecode.com/svn/trunk/docs/api/java/org/openqa/selenium/WebElement.html

Here is described Java method:

java.lang.String    getText() 

But unfortunately it’s not available in Python. So you can translate the method names to Python from Java and try another logic using present methods without getting the whole page source…

E.g.

 my_id = elem[0].get_attribute('my-id')
Answered By: oleksii.burdin

You can read the innerHTML attribute to get the source of the content of the element or outerHTML for the source with the current element.

Python:

element.get_attribute('innerHTML')

Java:

elem.getAttribute("innerHTML");

C#:

element.GetAttribute("innerHTML");

Ruby:

element.attribute("innerHTML")

JavaScript:

element.getAttribute('innerHTML');

PHP:

$element->getAttribute('innerHTML');

It was tested and worked with the ChromeDriver.

Answered By: Nerijus
WebElement element = driver.findElement(By.id("foo"));
String contents = (String)((JavascriptExecutor)driver).executeScript("return arguments[0].innerHTML;", element); 

This code really works to get JavaScript from source as well!

Answered By: Ilya

Sure we can get all HTML source code with this script below in Selenium Python:

elem = driver.find_element_by_xpath("//*")
source_code = elem.get_attribute("outerHTML")

If you you want to save it to file:

with open('c:/html_source_code.html', 'w') as f:
    f.write(source_code.encode('utf-8'))

I suggest saving to a file because source code is very very long.

Answered By: Mark

Using the attribute method is, in fact, easier and more straightforward.

Using Ruby with the Selenium and PageObject gems, to get the class associated with a certain element, the line would be element.attribute(Class).

The same concept applies if you wanted to get other attributes tied to the element. For example, if I wanted the string of an element, element.attribute(String).

Answered By: Tiffany G

In Ruby, using selenium-webdriver (2.32.1), there is a page_source method that contains the entire page source.

Answered By: John Alberts

If you are interested in a solution for Selenium Remote Control in Python, here is how to get innerHTML:

innerHTML = sel.get_eval("window.document.getElementById('prodid').innerHTML")
Answered By: StanleyD

It looks outdated, but let it be here anyway. The correct way to do it in your case:

elem = wd.find_element_by_css_selector('#my-id')
html = wd.execute_script("return arguments[0].innerHTML;", elem)

or

html = elem.get_attribute('innerHTML')

Both are working for me (selenium-server-standalone-2.35.0).

Answered By: nefski

And in PHPUnit Selenium test it’s like this:

$text = $this->byCssSelector('.some-class-nmae')->attribute('innerHTML');
Answered By: Zorgijs

Java with Selenium 2.53.0

driver.getPageSource();
Answered By: WltrRpo

InnerHTML will return the element inside the selected element and outerHTML will return the inside HTML along with the element you have selected

Example:

Now suppose your Element is as below

<tr id="myRow"><td>A</td><td>B</td></tr>

innerHTML element output

<td>A</td><td>B</td>

outerHTML element output

<tr id="myRow"><td>A</td><td>B</td></tr>

Live Example:

http://www.java2s.com/Tutorials/JavascriptDemo/f/find_out_the_difference_between_innerhtml_and_outerhtml_in_javascript_example.htm

Below you will find the syntax which require as per different binding. Change the innerHTML to outerHTML as per required.

Python:

element.get_attribute('innerHTML')

Java:

elem.getAttribute("innerHTML");

If you want whole page HTML, use the below code:

driver.getPageSource();
Answered By: Shubham Jain

The method to get the rendered HTML I prefer is the following:

driver.get("http://www.google.com")
body_html = driver.find_element_by_xpath("/html/body")
print body_html.text

However, the above method removes all the tags (yes, the nested tags as well) and returns only text content. If you interested in getting the HTML markup as well, then use the method below.

print body_html.getAttribute("innerHTML")
Answered By: Rusty

This works seamlessly for me.

element.get_attribute('innerHTML')
Answered By: Jitendra Pisal

The other answers provide a lot of details about retrieving the markup of a WebElement. However, an important aspect is, modern websites are increasingly implementing JavaScript, ReactJS, jQuery, Ajax, Vue.js, Ember.js, GWT, etc. to render the dynamic elements within the DOM tree. Hence there is a necessity to wait for the element and its children to completely render before retrieving the markup.


Python

Hence, ideally you need to induce WebDriverWait for the visibility_of_element_located() and you can use either of the following Locator Strategies:

  • Using get_attribute("outerHTML"):

    element = WebDriverWait(driver, 20).until(EC.visibility_of_element_located((By.CSS_SELECTOR, "#my-id")))
    print(element.get_attribute("outerHTML"))
    
  • Using execute_script():

    element = WebDriverWait(driver, 20).until(EC.visibility_of_element_located((By.CSS_SELECTOR, "#my-id")))
    print(driver.execute_script("return arguments[0].outerHTML;", element))
    
  • Note: You have to add the following imports:

    from selenium.webdriver.support.ui import WebDriverWait
    from selenium.webdriver.common.by import By
    from selenium.webdriver.support import expected_conditions as EC
    
Answered By: undetected Selenium

Use execute_script get html

bs4(BeautifulSoup) also can access html tag quickly.

from bs4 import BeautifulSoup
html = adriver.execute_script("return document.documentElement.outerHTML")
bs4_onepage_object=BeautifulSoup(html,"html.parser")
bs4_div_object=bs4_onepage_object.find_all("atag",class_="attribute")
Answered By: user2849367

In current versions of php-webdriver (1.12.0+) you to use

$element->getDomProperty('innerHTML');

as pointed out in this issue: https://github.com/php-webdriver/php-webdriver/issues/929

Answered By: christian

In PHP Selenium WebDriver you can get page source like this:

$html = $driver->getPageSource();

Or get HTML of the element like this:

// innerHTML if you need HTML of the element content
$html = $element->getDomProperty('outerHTML');
Answered By: wowandy