how to replace part of string using regular expression?

Question:

I have a dataframe like this:

fict={'well':['10B23','10B23','10B23','10B23','10B23','10B23'],
      'tag':['15B22|TestSep_OutletFlow','15B22|TestSep_GasOutletFlow','15B22|TestSep_WellNum','15B22|TestSep_GasPresValve','15B22|TestSep_Temp','WHT']}
df=pd.DataFrame(dict)
df

    well    tag
0   10B23   15B22|TestSep_OutletFlow
1   10B23   15B22|TestSep_GasOutletFlow
2   10B23   15B22|TestSep_WellNum
3   10B23   15B22|TestSep_GasPresValve
4   10B23   15B22|TestSep_Temp
5   10B23   WHT

Now I’d like to replace anything before | in column of tag to a string like 11A22, so the dataframe after replace should look like this:

well    tag
0   10B23   11A22|TestSep_OutletFlow
1   10B23   11A22|TestSep_GasOutletFlow
2   10B23   11A22|TestSep_WellNum
3   10B23   11A22|TestSep_GasPresValve
4   10B23   11A22|TestSep_Temp
5   10B23   WHT

I am thinking to use regular expression with group to replace group by a string, something in my mind look like this

df['tag2']=df['tag'].str.replace(r'([a-z0-9]*)|TestSep_[a-z0-9]*','11A22',regex=True)

then i got result of

well    tag tag2
0   10B23   15B22|TestSep_OutletFlow    11A2211A22B11A2211A22|11A2211A2211A22O11A2211A...
1   10B23   15B22|TestSep_GasOutletFlow 11A2211A22B11A2211A22|11A2211A2211A22G11A2211A...
2   10B23   15B22|TestSep_WellNum   11A2211A22B11A2211A22|11A2211A2211A22W11A2211A...
3   10B23   15B22|TestSep_GasPresValve  11A2211A22B11A2211A22|11A2211A2211A22G11A2211A...
4   10B23   15B22|TestSep_Temp  11A2211A22B11A2211A22|11A2211A2211A22T11A2211A22
5   10B23   WHT 11A22W11A22H11A22T11A22

Thanks for your help

Asked By: roudan

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Answers:

(|) is a special character in regex, you need to escape it.

df["tag2"] = df["tag"].str.replace(r"^w*|", "11A22|", regex=True)

‚Äč
Output :

print(df)

    well                          tag                         tag2
0  10B23     15B22|TestSep_OutletFlow     11A22|TestSep_OutletFlow
1  10B23  15B22|TestSep_GasOutletFlow  11A22|TestSep_GasOutletFlow
2  10B23        15B22|TestSep_WellNum        11A22|TestSep_WellNum
3  10B23   15B22|TestSep_GasPresValve   11A22|TestSep_GasPresValve
4  10B23           15B22|TestSep_Temp           11A22|TestSep_Temp
5  10B23                          WHT                          WHT
Answered By: Timeless
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