Different y-scales for barplot with multiple groups


I have two groups in a barplot in matplotlib with measurements on different scales. I want the one on the right to have a separate y axis to not appear shrinked with respect to the one on the left. This is what I’ve tried so far:


import numpy as np
import matplotlib.pyplot as plt

plt.rcParams['figure.dpi'] = 300
plt.rcParams['font.size'] = 14

# set width of bars
barWidth = 0.15

bars1   = [10, 0.5]
bars2   = [11, 0.8]
bars3   = [20, 1.0]
bars4   = [30, 1.5]
bars5   = [40, 1.8]

# Set position of bar on X axis
r1 = np.arange(len(bars1))
r2 = [x + barWidth for x in r1]
r3 = [x + barWidth for x in r2]
r4 = [x + barWidth for x in r3]
r5 = [x + barWidth for x in r4]

# Make the plot
fig, ax = plt.subplots(figsize=(8, 6))
ax.bar(r1, bars1, color='#7f6d5f', width=barWidth, edgecolor='white')
ax.bar(r2, bars2, color='#557f2d', width=barWidth, edgecolor='white')
ax.bar(r3, bars3, color='#2d7f5e', width=barWidth, edgecolor='white')
ax.bar(r4, bars4, color='#2d7f5e', width=barWidth, edgecolor='white')
ax.bar(r5, bars5, color='#2d7f5e', width=barWidth, edgecolor='white')

# Create secondary y-axis for the right group
ax2 = ax.twinx()
ax2.set_ylabel('scale2', fontweight='bold', labelpad=10)

group_labels = ['group1', 'group2']
ax.set_xlabel('Datasets', fontweight='bold', labelpad=10)
ax.set_ylabel('scale1', fontweight='bold', labelpad=10,)
ax.set_xticks([r + 2 * barWidth for r in range(len(bars1))])


Current output:

enter image description here

how can I make group2 be affected only by scale2?

Asked By: James Arten



You need to call ax2.bar for the elements of group2, something like this:

# Make the plot
fig, ax = plt.subplots(figsize=(8, 6))
ax2 = ax.twinx()

for r, bar, color in zip([r1, r2, r3, r4, r5],
                         [bars1, bars2, bars3, bars4, bars5],
                         ['#7f6d5f', '#557f2d'] + ['#2d7f5e'] * 3):
    kwargs = {'color': color, 
              'width': barWidth, 
              'edgecolor': 'white'}
    ax.bar(r[0], bar[0], **kwargs)
    ax2.bar(r[1], bar[1], **kwargs)

enter image description here

Answered By: BigBen
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