Installing lapack for numpy

Question:

Running Ubuntu 11.10 + python2.7…built numpy from source and installed it, but when I go to install it, I get

ImportError: /usr/lib/liblapack.so.3gf: undefined symbol: ATL_chemv

when it tries to import lapack_lite from numpy.linalg. I tried to rebuild lapack from scratch, but it seems to just make

/usr/local/lib/libblas.a
/usr/local/lib/liblapack.a
/usr/local/lib/libtmglib.a

and the .so file. Where does the .so.3gf come from, and how do I fix it?

Asked By: Richard ┼╗ak

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Answers:

According to some bugreports I see around, you may have more than one provider of BLAS/ATLAS/LAPACK installed, like ATLAS and OpenBLAS/GotoBLAS, that conflict with each other. Have a look on this:

$ ls -l /etc/alternatives/*.so.3gf

and check that all them correspond to the same package (eg. they all point into /usr/lib/atlas-base/)

Answered By: Ricardo Cárdenes

Try checking the LD_LIBRARY_PATH. You might point in there to another version of that library that does not support the symbol the numpy call needs. I had the same situation on my Mac.

But be careful, the problem might not be visible directly, because one library could link to the next using the LD_LIBRARY_PATH.

You can check if you see a difference in the following command with and without the LD_LIBRARY_PATH set (to remove temporarily for the active shell: unset LD_LIBRARY_PATH):

ldd /usr/lib/liblapack.so.3gf

In my case, libraries provided by the ISIS software system clashed with the onboard libraries that numpy requires.

Answered By: K.-Michael Aye

I was having the same problem and removing the package libopenblas-base did the trick:

sudo apt-get remove libopenblas-base

As already explained by others, several packages provide incompatible versions of liblapack.so.3gf.

Answered By: soramimo

This issue arises when you have libopenblas-base and libatlas3-base installed, but don’t have liblapack3 installed. This combination of packages installs conflicting versions of libblas.so (from OpenBLAS) and liblapack.so (from ATLAS).

Solution 1 (my favorite): You can keep both OpenBLAS and ATLAS on your machine if you also install liblapack3.

sudo apt-get install liblapack3

Solution 2: Uninstall ATLAS (this will actually install liblapack3 for you automatically because of some deb package shenanigans)

sudo apt-get uninstall libatlas3-base

Solution 3: Uninstall OpenBLAS

sudo apt-get uninstall libopenblas-base


Bad configuration

$ dpkg -l | grep 'openblas|atlas|lapack'
ii  libatlas3-base                                        3.10.1-4                                            amd64        Automatically Tuned Linear Algebra Software, generic shared
ii  libopenblas-base                                      0.2.8-6ubuntu1                                      amd64        Optimized BLAS (linear algebra) library based on GotoBLAS2
$ update-alternatives --get-selections | grep 'blas|lapack'
libblas.so.3                   auto     /usr/lib/openblas-base/libblas.so.3
liblapack.so.3                 auto     /usr/lib/atlas-base/atlas/liblapack.so.3
$ python -c 'import numpy'
Traceback (most recent call last):
  File "<string>", line 1, in <module>
  File "/usr/lib/python2.7/dist-packages/numpy/__init__.py", line 153, in <module>
    from . import add_newdocs
  File "/usr/lib/python2.7/dist-packages/numpy/add_newdocs.py", line 13, in <module>
    from numpy.lib import add_newdoc
  File "/usr/lib/python2.7/dist-packages/numpy/lib/__init__.py", line 18, in <module>
    from .polynomial import *
  File "/usr/lib/python2.7/dist-packages/numpy/lib/polynomial.py", line 19, in <module>
    from numpy.linalg import eigvals, lstsq, inv
  File "/usr/lib/python2.7/dist-packages/numpy/linalg/__init__.py", line 50, in <module>
    from .linalg import *
  File "/usr/lib/python2.7/dist-packages/numpy/linalg/linalg.py", line 29, in <module>
    from numpy.linalg import lapack_lite, _umath_linalg
ImportError: /usr/lib/liblapack.so.3: undefined symbol: ATL_chemv

Solution 1

$ dpkg -l | grep 'openblas|atlas|lapack'
ii  libatlas3-base                                        3.10.1-4                                            amd64        Automatically Tuned Linear Algebra Software, generic shared
ii  liblapack3                                            3.5.0-2ubuntu1                                      amd64        Library of linear algebra routines 3 - shared version
ii  libopenblas-base                                      0.2.8-6ubuntu1                                      amd64        Optimized BLAS (linear algebra) library based on GotoBLAS2
$ update-alternatives --get-selections | grep 'blas|lapack'
libblas.so.3                   auto     /usr/lib/openblas-base/libblas.so.3
liblapack.so.3                 auto     /usr/lib/lapack/liblapack.so.3
$ python -c 'import numpy'

Solution 2

$ dpkg -l | grep 'openblas|atlas|lapack'
ii  liblapack3                                            3.5.0-2ubuntu1                                      amd64        Library of linear algebra routines 3 - shared version
ii  libopenblas-base                                      0.2.8-6ubuntu1                                      amd64        Optimized BLAS (linear algebra) library based on GotoBLAS2
$ update-alternatives --get-selections | grep 'blas|lapack'
libblas.so.3                   auto     /usr/lib/openblas-base/libblas.so.3
liblapack.so.3                 auto     /usr/lib/lapack/liblapack.so.3
$ python -c 'import numpy'

Solution 3

$ dpkg -l | grep 'openblas|atlas|lapack'
ii  libatlas3-base                                        3.10.1-4                                            amd64        Automatically Tuned Linear Algebra Software, generic shared
$ update-alternatives --get-selections | grep 'blas|lapack'
libblas.so.3                   auto     /usr/lib/atlas-base/atlas/libblas.so.3
liblapack.so.3                 auto     /usr/lib/atlas-base/atlas/liblapack.so.3
$ python -c 'import numpy'
Answered By: Luke Yeager
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