Where is the __builtin__ module in Python3? Why was it renamed?


I was curious about the __builtin__ module and how it’s used, but I can’t find it in Python3! Why was it moved?

Python 2.7

>>> import __builtin__

Python 3.2

>>> import __builtin__
Traceback (most recent call last):
  File "<stdin>", line 1, in <module>
ImportError: No module named __builtin__
Asked By: Derek Litz



The __builtin__ module was renamed to builtins in Python3.

This change solves 2 sources of confusion for the average Python developer.

  • Is it '__builtins__' or '__builtin__' that is in the global namespace?
    Darn s!
  • Is __builtin__ a special method name or a module? I can’t

This confusion mainly arises because of the violation of pep8 convention. Also, the lack of pluralization on the module hinders communication as well. Both of these are greatly illustrated by the lengths Guido must go to explain the following from http://mail.python.org/pipermail/python-ideas/2009-March/003821.html:

[CPython] looks at the globals, which contain a special magic entry
__builtins__ (with an ‘s’) which is the dict where built-in functions are looked up. When this dict is the same object as the default
built-in dict (which is __builtin__.__dict__ where __builtin__
without ‘s’ — is the module defining the built-in functions) it gives
you supervisor privileges;…

For example,


>>> import __builtin__
>>> vars(globals()['__builtins__']) is vars(__builtin__)


>>> import builtins
>>> vars(globals()['__builtins__']) is vars(builtins)

Related resources:

Other name changes – http://docs.pythonsprints.com/python3_porting/py-porting.html#name-changes

For a succinct explanation of how __builtins__ is used in name resolution – __builtin__ module in Python

Answered By: Derek Litz

remove all pyc file and run again
thats all

Answered By: csselo
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