How do I combine two dataframes?


I have a initial dataframe D. I extract two data frames from it like this:

A = D[D.label == k]
B = D[D.label != k]

I want to combine A and B into one DataFrame. The order of the data is not important. However, when we sample A and B from D, they retain their indexes from D.

Asked By: MKoosej



DEPRECATED: DataFrame.append and Series.append were deprecated in v1.4.0.

Use append:

df_merged = df1.append(df2, ignore_index=True)

And to keep their indexes, set ignore_index=False.

Answered By: Joran Beasley

Use pd.concat to join multiple dataframes:

df_merged = pd.concat([df1, df2], ignore_index=True, sort=False)
Answered By: ostrokach

Merge across rows:

df_row_merged = pd.concat([df_a, df_b], ignore_index=True)

Merge across columns:

df_col_merged = pd.concat([df_a, df_b], axis=1)
Answered By: pelumi

If you’re working with big data and need to concatenate multiple datasets calling concat many times can get performance-intensive.

If you don’t want to create a new df each time, you can instead aggregate the changes and call concat only once:

frames = [df_A, df_B]  # Or perform operations on the DFs
result = pd.concat(frames)

This is pointed out in the pandas docs under concatenating objects at the bottom of the section):

Note: It is worth noting however, that concat (and therefore append)
makes a full copy of the data, and that constantly reusing this
function can create a significant performance hit. If you need to use
the operation over several datasets, use a list comprehension.

Answered By: martin-martin

If you want to update/replace the values of first dataframe df1 with the values of second dataframe df2. you can do it by following steps —

Step 1: Set index of the first dataframe (df1)


Step 2: Set index of the second dataframe (df2)


and finally update the dataframe using the following snippet —

Answered By: Mohsin Mahmood
# collect excel content into list of dataframes
data = []
for excel_file in excel_files:
    data.append(pd.read_excel(excel_file, engine="openpyxl"))

# concatenate dataframes horizontally
df = pd.concat(data, axis=1)
# save combined data to excel
df.to_excel(excelAutoNamed, index=False)

You can try the above when you are appending horizontally! Hope this helps sum1

Answered By: Anirudh Gattu

Use this code to attach two Pandas Data Frames horizontally:

df3 = pd.concat([df1, df2],axis=1, ignore_index=True, sort=False)

You must specify around what axis you intend to merge two frames.

Answered By: Farzad Amirjavid

To join 2 pandas dataframes by column, using their indices as the join key, you can do this:

both = a.join(b)

And if you want to join multiple DataFrames, Series, or a mixture of them, by their index, just put them in a list, e.g.,:

everything = a.join([b, c, d])

See the pandas docs for DataFrame.join().

Answered By: snark

Both the dataframe should have same column name else instead of appending records by row wise, it will append as separate columns.

df = df.append(df1,ignore_index=True)
df = pd.concat([df1,df2], ignore_index=True)
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