In Matplotlib, I make dashed grid lines as follows:
fig = pylab.figure() ax = fig.add_subplot(1,1,1) ax.yaxis.grid(color='gray', linestyle='dashed')
however, I can’t find out how (or even if it is possible) to make the grid lines be drawn behind other graph elements, such as bars. Changing the order of adding the grid versus adding other elements makes no difference.
Is it possible to make it so that the grid lines appear behind everything else?
According to this – http://matplotlib.1069221.n5.nabble.com/axis-elements-and-zorder-td5346.html – you can use
(I am currently installing matplotlib for the first time, so have no idea if that’s correct – I just found it by googling “matplotlib z order grid” – “z order” is typically used to describe this kind of thing (z being the axis “out of the page”))
I had the same problem and the following worked:
[line.set_zorder(3) for line in ax.lines] fig.show() # to update
3to a higher value if it does not work.
To me, it was unclear how to apply andrew cooke’s answer, so this is a complete solution based on that:
ax.set_axisbelow(True) ax.yaxis.grid(color='gray', linestyle='dashed')
If you want to validate the setting for all figures, you may set
plt.rcParams['axes.axisbelow'] = True
It works for Matplotlib>=2.0.
You can try to use one of Seaborn’s styles. For instance:
import seaborn as sns sns.set_style("whitegrid")
Not only the gridlines will get behind but the looks are nicer.
You can also set the
zorder kwarg in
plt.grid(which='major', axis='y', zorder=-1.0)
For some (like me) it might be interesting to draw the grid behind only "some" of the other elements. For granular control of the draw order, you can use matplotlib.artist.Artist.set_zorder on the axes directly:
ax.yaxis.grid(color='gray', linestyle='dashed') ax.set_zorder(3)
This is mentioned in the notes on matplotlib.axes.Axes.grid.