Enforce unique upload file names using django?


What’s the best way to rename photos with a unique filename on the server as they are uploaded, using django? I want to make sure each name is used only once. Are there any pinax apps that can do this, perhaps with GUID?

Asked By: zjm1126



How about concatenating the filename with the date / time the photo was uploaded and then using hashlib to create a message digest? That should give you unique filenames.

Alternatively you could re-use a neat little snippet which creates unique filenames and then use the full path to that file as the input to your hash call. That gives you unique constant length strings which you can map to your files.

Answered By: Jon Cage

Prior to Django 1.6.6, 1.5.9, and 1.4.14, the get_avaialable_name function would automatically give files a unique name by adding an underscore. So, for example, if you save one file “test.jpg” and then another file, “test.jpg” to your server, the first will be called test.jpg, and the second will be called test_1.jpg.

Alas, that turns out to be a vector for DDOSing a machine, by sending it thousands of zero-byte files to store, each one checking thousands of previous files to see what its name should be.

As you’ll see in the docs, the new system appends seven random digits after the underscore to fix this problem.

Answered By: mlissner

Use uuid. To tie that into your model see Django documentation for FileField upload_to.

For example in your models.py define the following function:

import uuid
import os

def get_file_path(instance, filename):
    ext = filename.split('.')[-1]
    filename = "%s.%s" % (uuid.uuid4(), ext)
    return os.path.join('uploads/logos', filename)

Then, when defining your FileField/ImageField, specify get_file_path as the upload_to value.

file = models.FileField(upload_to=get_file_path,
                        verbose_name=_(u'Contact list'))
Answered By: Nathan

A better way could be using a common class in your helpers.py. This way you could reuse the random file generator across your apps.

In your helpers.py:

import os
import uuid
from django.utils.deconstruct import deconstructible

class RandomFileName(object):
    def __init__(self, path):
        self.path = os.path.join(path, "%s%s")

    def __call__(self, _, filename):
        # @note It's up to the validators to check if it's the correct file type in name or if one even exist.
        extension = os.path.splitext(filename)[1]
        return self.path % (uuid.uuid4(), extension)

And then in your model just import the helper class:

from mymodule.helpers import RandomFileName 

And then use it:

logo = models.ImageField(upload_to=RandomFileName('logos'))

Ref: https://coderwall.com/p/hfgoiw/give-imagefield-uploads-a-unique-name-to-avoid-file-overwrites

Answered By: Raptor

As of the writing of this answer it seems like you no longer need to do anything special to make this happen. If you set up a FileField with a static upload_to property, the Django storage system will automatically manage naming so that if a duplicate filename is uploaded, Django will randomly generate a new unique filename for the duplicate.

Works on Django 1.10.

Answered By: M. Ryan

django enforce unique filename automatically.
if the file already exists, seven unique characters are appended to the filename

tested on django 2.2

Answered By: Aissam Jadli

You can write your own FileField and override generate_filename.

For example:

class UniqueNameFileField(FileField):
    def generate_filename(self, instance, filename):
        _, ext = os.path.splitext(filename) 
        name = f'{uuid.uuid4().hex}{ext}'
        return super().generate_filename(instance, name)
Answered By: D.W
Categories: questions Tags: , , ,
Answers are sorted by their score. The answer accepted by the question owner as the best is marked with
at the top-right corner.