#!/usr/bin/python2.4 import logging import sys import doctest def foo(x): """ >>> foo (0) 0 """ print ("%d" %(x)) _logger.debug("%d" %(x)) def _test(): doctest.testmod() _logger = logging.getLogger() _logger.setLevel(logging.DEBUG) _formatter = logging.Formatter('%(message)s') _handler = logging.StreamHandler(sys.stdout) _handler.setFormatter(_formatter) _logger.addHandler(_handler) _test()
I would like to use logger module for all of my print statements. I have looked at the first 50 top google links for this, and they seem to agree that doctest uses it’s own copy of the stdout.
If print is used it works if logger is used it logs to the root console.
Can someone please demonstrate a working example with a code snippet that will allow me to combine.
Note running nose to test doctest will just append the log output at the end of the test, (assuming you set the switches) it does not treat them as a print statement.
I’m not sure why you want to do this, but if you really need to do it, then you can define your own subclass of
DocTestRunner, and override the
#imports left out, code not tested - just to point you in the right direction class MyDocTestRunner(DocTestRunner): def run(self, test, compileflags=None, out=None, clear_globs=True): if out is None: handler = None else: handler = StreamHandler(out) logger = logging.getLogger() # root logger (say) if handler: logger.addHandler(handler) try: DocTestRunner.run(self, test, compileflags, out, clear_globs) finally: if handler: logger.removeHandler(handler) handler.close()
Then use this runner in place of
One simple and general-purpose approach looks like this:
import sys import logging LOGGER = logging.getLogger(__name__) if hasattr(sys.modules['__main__'], '_SpoofOut'): LOGGER.setLevel(logging.DEBUG) LOGGER.addHandler(logging.StreamHandler())
_SpoofOut attribute is injected by the doctest module. If it’s present, you can configure logging specifically for doctest. E.g. in my example, set a verbose debug mode and log to the console.
Within your doctest, before any logging capture is needed, do a
addHandler(logging.Streamhandler(sys.stdout)) on your logger.
For example, assuming
loggeris your logging object:
""" This is a doctest that will capture output from the logging module. >>> logger.addHandler(logging.StreamHandler(sys.stdout)) The rest of your doctest, now able to use output from the logging module... """
Explanation: As you say, "doctest uses it’s own copy of the stdout". It does this by spoofing
sys.stdout: It sets
DocTestRunner._fakeout. Once the doctest is running, doctest has its spoof in place, so
sys.stdout is now set to
DocTestRunner._fakeout. If you create a
logging.StreamHandler for sys.stdout at this point, sys.stdout will point to doctest’s spoof for sys.stdout rather than the real sys.stdout, so you are now adding a StreamHandler for doctest’s spoof instead of the real sys.stdout, making doctest see your logged output.
This solution also has the advantage not depending on internal private variables in doctest, such as
_SpoofOut, in case they change in the future.
Gotchas: If you get
error: [Errno 128] Transport endpoint is not connected
you might have forgotten to