How to make inline plots in Jupyter Notebook larger?


I have made my plots inline on my Ipython Notebook with “%matplotlib inline.”

Now, the plot appears. However, it is very small. Is there a way to make it appear larger using either notebook settings or plot settings?

enter image description here

Asked By: Chris



Yes, play with figuresize and dpi like so (before you call your subplot):

fig=plt.figure(figsize=(12,8), dpi= 100, facecolor='w', edgecolor='k')

As @tacaswell and @Hagne pointed out, you can also change the defaults if it’s not a one-off:

plt.rcParams['figure.figsize'] = [12, 8]
plt.rcParams['figure.dpi'] = 100 # 200 e.g. is really fine, but slower
Answered By: roadrunner66

The default figure size (in inches) is controlled by

matplotlib.rcParams['figure.figsize'] = [width, height]

For example:

import matplotlib.pyplot as plt
plt.rcParams['figure.figsize'] = [10, 5]

creates a figure with 10 (width) x 5 (height) inches

Answered By: tacaswell

I have found that %matplotlib notebook works better for me than inline with Jupyter notebooks.

Note that you may need to restart the kernel if you were using %matplotlib inline before.

Update 2019:
If you are running Jupyter Lab you might want to use
%matplotlib widget

Answered By: tomcheney

The question is about matplotlib, but for the sake of any R users that end up here given the language-agnostic title:

If you’re using an R kernel, just use:

options(repr.plot.width=4, repr.plot.height=3)
Answered By: Jared Wilber

To adjust the size of one figure:

import matplotlib.pyplot as plt

fig=plt.figure(figsize=(15, 15))

To change the default settings, and therefore all your plots:

import matplotlib.pyplot as plt

plt.rcParams['figure.figsize'] = [15, 15]

Answered By: farrellw

If you only want the image of your figure to appear larger without changing the general appearance of your figure increase the figure resolution. Changing the figure size as suggested in most other answers will change the appearance since font sizes do not scale accordingly.

import matplotlib.pylab as plt
plt.rcParams['figure.dpi'] = 200
Answered By: Hagne

A small but important detail for adjusting figure size on a one-off basis (as several commenters above reported “this doesn’t work for me”):

You should do plt.figure(figsize=(,)) PRIOR to defining your actual plot. For example:

This should correctly size the plot according to your specified figsize:

values = [1,1,1,2,2,3]
_ = plt.figure(figsize=(10,6))
_ = plt.hist(values,bins=3)

Whereas this will show the plot with the default settings, seeming to “ignore” figsize:

values = [1,1,1,2,2,3]
_ = plt.hist(values,bins=3)
_ = plt.figure(figsize=(10,6))
Answered By: RGood

A quick fix to "plot overlap" is to use plt.tight_layout():

Example (in my case)

for i,var in enumerate(categorical_variables):
    plt.subplot(len(categorical_variables)/2, 2, i+1)

Answered By: Guilherme Marques

using something like:

import matplotlib.pyplot as plt
%matplotlib inline
plt.subplots(figsize=(18,8 ))

The output of the command

the output of the command

Answered By: Bijan Fallah

It is possible to scale the plot to full cell width.

  1. Use svg format instead of bitmap when mainly plotting line charts:
%config InlineBackend.figure_format = 'svg'
  1. Force the plot to be 100% width (paste into an empty cell):
.output_svg div{
  width: 100% !important;
  height: 100% !important;
  1. You may also want to change the aspect ratio or other parameters according to other answers for better insight.

It is not using public API and may stop working one day.
screenshot of a full-width matplotlib plot

Answered By: Meow Cat 2012