How to print out a dictionary nicely in Python?


I’ve just started to learn python and I’m building a text game. I want an inventory system, but I can’t seem to print out the dictionary without it looking ugly.

This is what I have so far:

def inventory():
    for numberofitems in len(inventory_content.keys()):
        inventory_things = list(inventory_content.keys())
        inventory_amounts = list(inventory_content.values())
Asked By: Raphael Huang



Here’s the one-liner I’d use. (Edit: works for things that aren’t JSON-serializable too)

print("n".join("{}t{}".format(k, v) for k, v in dictionary.items()))

Explanation: This iterates through the keys and values of the dictionary, creating a formatted string like key + tab + value for each. And "n".join(... puts newlines between all those strings, forming a new string.


>>> dictionary = {1: 2, 4: 5, "foo": "bar"}
>>> print("n".join("{}t{}".format(k, v) for k, v in dictionary.items()))
1   2
4   5
foo bar

Edit 2: Here’s a sorted version.

"n".join("{}t{}".format(k, v) for k, v in sorted(dictionary.items(), key=lambda t: str(t[0])))
Answered By: sudo

My favorite way:

import json
print(json.dumps(dictionary, indent=4, sort_keys=True))
Answered By: Ofer Sadan

Agree, “nicely” is very subjective. See if this helps, which I have been using to debug dict

for i in inventory_things.keys():'Key_Name:"{kn}", Key_Value:"{kv}"'.format(kn=i, kv=inventory_things[i]))

I like the pprint module (Pretty Print) included in Python. It can be used to either print the object, or format a nice string version of it.

import pprint

# Prints the nicely formatted dictionary

# Sets 'pretty_dict_str' to the formatted string value
pretty_dict_str = pprint.pformat(dictionary)

But it sounds like you are printing out an inventory, which users will likely want shown as something more like the following:

def print_inventory(dct):
    print("Items held:")
    for item, amount in dct.items():  # dct.iteritems() in Python 2
        print("{} ({})".format(item, amount))

inventory = {
    "shovels": 3,
    "sticks": 2,
    "dogs": 1,


which prints:

Items held:
shovels (3)
sticks (2)
dogs (1)
Answered By: foslock

I wrote this function to print simple dictionaries:

def dictToString(dict):
  return str(dict).replace(', ','rn').replace("u'","").replace("'","")[1:-1]
Answered By: Nautilus

I would suggest to use beeprint instead of pprint.



{'entities': {'hashtags': [],
              'urls': [{'display_url': '',
                        'indices': [107, 126],
                        'url': ''}],
              'user_mentions': []}}


  'entities': {
    'hashtags': [],
    'urls': [
        'display_url': '',
        'indices': [107, 126],
        'url': ''}],
    'user_mentions': [],
Answered By: dtar

Yaml is typically much more readable, especially if you have complicated nested objects, hierarchies, nested dictionaries etc:

First make sure you have pyyaml module:

pip install pyyaml


import yaml
Answered By: Shital Shah

I did create function (in Python 3):

def print_dict(dict):

    .replace(', ', 'n')
    .replace(': ', ':t')
    .replace('{', '')
    .replace('}', '')

Answered By: Sebastian Chetroni

Maybe it doesn’t fit all the needs but I just tried this and it got a nice formatted output
So just convert the dictionary to Dataframe and that’s pretty much all


You can also define columns to assist even more the readability


So just give a try :

Answered By: John
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