How to do superscripts and subscripts in Jupyter Notebook?


I want to to use numbers to indicate references in footnotes, so I was wondering inside of Jupyter Notebook how can I use superscripts and subscripts?

Asked By: PraveenHarris



You can do this inside of a markdown cell. A markdown cell can be created by selecting a cell then pressing the esc key followed by the M key. You can tell when you have converted a cell to markdown when In [ ]: seen to the right of the default code cell is gone. Then you can input the following code that uses latex with markdown to represent sub/super-scripts:

Latex subscript:


Latex superscript:


You can find more detailed examples here.

Please comment below if you are still having difficulty.

Answered By: James Draper

You can use HTML ‘ superscript

You can also use Latex $foo^{superscript}$, but the font used to render the text will change and you might not like how it looks.

Answered By: Giorgio

<sup>superscript text </sup> also works, and might be better because latex formatting changes the whole line etc.

Answered By: user9179129

What a meta question! One needs to use Markdown to answer Markdown syntax questions. Markdown does have the <sup></sup> and <sub></sub> tags that will adjust text to super- or sub- script, respectively in the typeface of the current block. If you are using the scripts for mathematical statements
like this
the LaTeX transformation makes sense. If you are using the scripts for footnotes or perhaps for something like chemical formulas (e.g. H2O) it might be preferable to use the first method rather than LaTeX. Mixing fonts is generally not considered a good graphics/typography practice!

Answered By: brawny84

Let’s say, you want to write this:
enter image description here

Then, here is what you need to write in your Markdown:

$hat{Y} = a + b_1 X_1 + b_2 X_2 + b_3 X_1 X_2 + b_4 X_1^2 + b_5 X_2^2$

Another example:

$hat{Y} = hat{beta}_{0} + sum limits _{j=1} ^{p} X_{j}hat{beta}_{j}$

enter image description here

Answered By: Ramsey A.