# Plotting Multiple Plots on a single figure from within a for loop

## Question:

I have reviewed the response to this question: How would I iterate over a list of files and plot them as subplots on a single figure?

But am none the wiser on how to achieve my goal. I would like to plot multiple data sets, with differing x axes, onto a single figure in Python. I have included a snippet of my code below, which performs an FFT on a dataset, then calculates 3 Butterworth filter outputs. Ideally I would like to have all plotted on a single figure, which I have attempted to achieve in the code below.

The for loop calculates the 3 Butterworth filter outputs, the code above – the FFT and the code directly below attempts to append the FFT curve and sqrt(0.5) line to the previously generated plots for display.

Any Direction or advice would be appreciated.

```
"""Performs a Fast Fourier Transform on the data specified at the base of the code"""
def FFT(col):
x = io2.loc[1:,'Time']
y = io2.loc[1:,col]
# Number of samplepoints
#N = 600
N = pd.Series.count(x)
N2 = int(N/2)
# sample spacing
#T = 1.0 / 800.0
T = 1/(io2.loc[2,'Time'] - io2.loc[1,'Time'])
#x = np.linspace(0.0, N*T, N)
#y = np.sin(50.0 * 2.0*np.pi*x) + 0.5*np.sin(80.0 * 2.0*np.pi*x)
yf = scipy.fftpack.fft(y)
xf = np.linspace(0.0, 1.0/(2.0*T), N2)
fig=plt.figure()
plt.clf()
i=1
for order in [3, 6, 9]:
ax=fig.add_subplot(111, label="order = %d" % order)
b, a = butter_lowpass(cutoff, fs, order=order)
w, h = freqz(b, a, worN=2000)
ax.plot((fs * 0.5 / np.pi) * w, abs(h))
i=i+1
ax4=fig.add_subplot(111, label='sqrt(0.5)', frame_on=False)
ax5=fig.add_subplot(111, label="FFT of "+col, frame_on=False)
ax4.plot([0, 0.5 * fs], [np.sqrt(0.5), np.sqrt(0.5)], '--')
ax5.plot(xf, 2.0/N * np.abs(yf[:N2]))
plt.xlabel('Frequency (Hz)')
plt.ylabel('Gain')
plt.grid(True)
plt.legend(loc='best')
#fig, ax = plt.subplots()
#ax.plot(xf, 2.0/N * np.abs(yf[:N2]), label="FFT of "+col)
plt.axis([0,5000,0,0.1])
#plt.xlabel('Frequency (Hz)')
#plt.ylabel('Amplitude (mm)')
#plt.legend(loc=0)
plt.show()
return
```

Kind Regards,

## Answers:

Here you can find a minimal example of how to plot multiple lines with different *x* and *y* datasets. You are recreating the plot every time you type `add_subplot(111)`

. Instead, you should call `plot`

multiple times. I have added an example for a single plot with multiple lines, as well as an example for one subplot per line.

```
import numpy as np
import matplotlib.pyplot as plt
x1 = np.arange(0, 10, 1)
x2 = np.arange(3, 12, 0.1)
x3 = np.arange(2, 8, 0.01)
y1 = np.sin(x1)
y2 = np.cos(x2**0.8)
y3 = np.sin(4.*x3)**3
data = []
data.append((x1, y1, 'label1'))
data.append((x2, y2, 'label2'))
data.append((x3, y3, 'label3'))
# All lines in one plot.
plt.figure()
for n in data:
plt.plot(n[0], n[1], label=n[2])
plt.legend(loc=0, frameon=False)
# One subplot per data set.
cols = 2
rows = len(data)//2 + len(data)%2
plt.figure()
gs = plt.GridSpec(rows, cols)
for n in range(len(data)):
i = n%2
j = n//2
plt.subplot(gs[j,i])
plt.plot(data[n][0], data[n][1])
plt.title(data[n][2])
plt.tight_layout()
plt.show()
```