How to delete a specific line in a file?

Question:

Let’s say I have a text file full of nicknames. How can I delete a specific nickname from this file, using Python?

Asked By: SourD

||

Answers:

Take the contents of the file, split it by newline into a tuple. Then, access your tuple’s line number, join your result tuple, and overwrite to the file.

Answered By: Nikhil

First, open the file and get all your lines from the file. Then reopen the file in write mode and write your lines back, except for the line you want to delete:

with open("yourfile.txt", "r") as f:
    lines = f.readlines()
with open("yourfile.txt", "w") as f:
    for line in lines:
        if line.strip("n") != "nickname_to_delete":
            f.write(line)

You need to strip("n") the newline character in the comparison because if your file doesn’t end with a newline character the very last line won’t either.

Answered By: houbysoft

In general, you can’t; you have to write the whole file again (at least from the point of change to the end).

In some specific cases you can do better than this –

if all your data elements are the same length and in no specific order, and you know the offset of the one you want to get rid of, you could copy the last item over the one to be deleted and truncate the file before the last item;

or you could just overwrite the data chunk with a ‘this is bad data, skip it’ value or keep a ‘this item has been deleted’ flag in your saved data elements such that you can mark it deleted without otherwise modifying the file.

This is probably overkill for short documents (anything under 100 KB?).

Answered By: Hugh Bothwell

The issue with reading lines in first pass and making changes (deleting specific lines) in the second pass is that if you file sizes are huge, you will run out of RAM. Instead, a better approach is to read lines, one by one, and write them into a separate file, eliminating the ones you don’t need. I have run this approach with files as big as 12-50 GB, and the RAM usage remains almost constant. Only CPU cycles show processing in progress.

Answered By: Kingz

The best and fastest option, rather than storing everything in a list and re-opening the file to write it, is in my opinion to re-write the file elsewhere.

with open("yourfile.txt", "r") as file_input:
    with open("newfile.txt", "w") as output: 
        for line in file_input:
            if line.strip("n") != "nickname_to_delete":
                output.write(line)

That’s it! In one loop and one only you can do the same thing. It will be much faster.

Answered By: Barnabe

I liked the fileinput approach as explained in this answer:
Deleting a line from a text file (python)

Say for example I have a file which has empty lines in it and I want to remove empty lines, here’s how I solved it:

import fileinput
import sys
for line_number, line in enumerate(fileinput.input('file1.txt', inplace=1)):
    if len(line) > 1:
            sys.stdout.write(line)

Note: The empty lines in my case had length 1

Answered By: Deep

Solution to this problem with only a single open:

with open("target.txt", "r+") as f:
    d = f.readlines()
    f.seek(0)
    for i in d:
        if i != "line you want to remove...":
            f.write(i)
    f.truncate()

This solution opens the file in r/w mode (“r+”) and makes use of seek to reset the f-pointer then truncate to remove everything after the last write.

Answered By: Lother

Probably, you already got a correct answer, but here is mine.
Instead of using a list to collect unfiltered data (what readlines() method does), I use two files. One is for hold a main data, and the second is for filtering the data when you delete a specific string. Here is a code:

main_file = open('data_base.txt').read()    # your main dataBase file
filter_file = open('filter_base.txt', 'w')
filter_file.write(main_file)
filter_file.close()
main_file = open('data_base.txt', 'w')
for line in open('filter_base'):
    if 'your data to delete' not in line:    # remove a specific string
        main_file.write(line)                # put all strings back to your db except deleted
    else: pass
main_file.close()

Hope you will find this useful! 🙂

Answered By: andrii1986

If you use Linux, you can try the following approach.
Suppose you have a text file named animal.txt:

$ cat animal.txt  
dog
pig
cat 
monkey         
elephant  

Delete the first line:

>>> import subprocess
>>> subprocess.call(['sed','-i','/.*dog.*/d','animal.txt']) 

then

$ cat animal.txt
pig
cat
monkey
elephant
Answered By: Ren

I think if you read the file into a list, then do the you can iterate over the list to look for the nickname you want to get rid of. You can do it much efficiently without creating additional files, but you’ll have to write the result back to the source file.

Here’s how I might do this:

import, os, csv # and other imports you need
nicknames_to_delete = ['Nick', 'Stephen', 'Mark']

I’m assuming nicknames.csv contains data like:

Nick
Maria
James
Chris
Mario
Stephen
Isabella
Ahmed
Julia
Mark
...

Then load the file into the list:

 nicknames = None
 with open("nicknames.csv") as sourceFile:
     nicknames = sourceFile.read().splitlines()

Next, iterate over to list to match your inputs to delete:

for nick in nicknames_to_delete:
     try:
         if nick in nicknames:
             nicknames.pop(nicknames.index(nick))
         else:
             print(nick + " is not found in the file")
     except ValueError:
         pass

Lastly, write the result back to file:

with open("nicknames.csv", "a") as nicknamesFile:
    nicknamesFile.seek(0)
    nicknamesFile.truncate()
    nicknamesWriter = csv.writer(nicknamesFile)
    for name in nicknames:
        nicknamesWriter.writeRow([str(name)])
nicknamesFile.close()
Answered By: A Malik

Save the file lines in a list, then remove of the list the line you want to delete and write the remain lines to a new file

with open("file_name.txt", "r") as f:
    lines = f.readlines() 
    lines.remove("Line you want to deleten")
    with open("new_file.txt", "w") as new_f:
        for line in lines:        
            new_f.write(line)
Answered By: Henrique Andrade

This is a “fork” from @Lother‘s answer (which I believe that should be considered the right answer).

For a file like this:

$ cat file.txt 
1: october rust
2: november rain
3: december snow

This fork from Lother’s solution works fine:

#!/usr/bin/python3.4

with open("file.txt","r+") as f:
    new_f = f.readlines()
    f.seek(0)
    for line in new_f:
        if "snow" not in line:
            f.write(line)
    f.truncate()

Improvements:

  • with open, which discard the usage of f.close()
  • more clearer if/else for evaluating if string is not present in the current line
Answered By: ivanleoncz

here’s some other method to remove a/some line(s) from a file:

src_file = zzzz.txt
f = open(src_file, "r")
contents = f.readlines()
f.close()

contents.pop(idx) # remove the line item from list, by line number, starts from 0

f = open(src_file, "w")
contents = "".join(contents)
f.write(contents)
f.close()
Answered By: ungalcrys

I like this method using fileinput and the ‘inplace’ method:

import fileinput
for line in fileinput.input(fname, inplace =1):
    line = line.strip()
    if not 'UnwantedWord' in line:
        print(line)

It’s a little less wordy than the other answers and is fast enough for

Answered By: Ru887321

You can use the re library

Assuming that you are able to load your full txt-file. You then define a list of unwanted nicknames and then substitute them with an empty string “”.

# Delete unwanted characters
import re

# Read, then decode for py2 compat.
path_to_file = 'data/nicknames.txt'
text = open(path_to_file, 'rb').read().decode(encoding='utf-8')

# Define unwanted nicknames and substitute them
unwanted_nickname_list = ['SourDough']
text = re.sub("|".join(unwanted_nickname_list), "", text)
Answered By: mrk

To delete a specific line of a file by its line number:

Replace variables filename and line_to_delete with the name of your file and the line number you want to delete.

filename = 'foo.txt'
line_to_delete = 3
initial_line = 1
file_lines = {}

with open(filename) as f:
    content = f.readlines() 

for line in content:
    file_lines[initial_line] = line.strip()
    initial_line += 1

f = open(filename, "w")
for line_number, line_content in file_lines.items():
    if line_number != line_to_delete:
        f.write('{}n'.format(line_content))

f.close()
print('Deleted line: {}'.format(line_to_delete))

Example output:

Deleted line: 3
Answered By: Aram Maliachi

Do you want to remove a specific line from file so use this snippet short and simple code you can easily remove any line with sentence or prefix(Symbol).

with open("file_name.txt", "r") as f:
lines = f.readlines() 
with open("new_file.txt", "w") as new_f:
    for line in lines:
        if not line.startswith("write any sentence or symbol to remove line"):
            new_f.write(line)
Answered By: Sidd501
Categories: questions Tags: , ,
Answers are sorted by their score. The answer accepted by the question owner as the best is marked with
at the top-right corner.