How can I add a string inside a string?


The problem is simple, I’m given a random string and a random pattern and I’m told to get all the posible combinations of that pattern that occur in the string and mark then with [target] and [endtarget] at the beggining and end.

For example:

given the following text: "XuyZB8we4"

and the following pattern: "XYZAB"

The expected output would be: "[target]X[endtarget]uy[target]ZB[endtarget]8we4".

I already got the part that identifies all the words, but I can’t find a way of placing the [target] and [endtarget] strings after and before the pattern (called in the code match).

import re

def tagger(text, search):
    place_s = "[target]"
    place_f = "[endtarget]"
    pattern = re.compile(rf"[{search}]+")
    matches = pattern.finditer(text)

    for match in matches:

    return test_string

test_string = "alsikjuyZB8we4 aBBe8XAZ piarBq8 Bq84Z "
pattern = "XYZAB"

print(tagger(test_string, pattern))

I also tried the for with the sub method, but I couldn’t get it to work.

    for match in matches:
        re.sub(, place_s + + place_f, text)

    return text
Asked By: Pabloflopygame



re.sub allows you to pass backreferences to matched groups within your pattern. so you do need to enclose your pattern in parentheses, or create a named group, and then it will replace all matches in the entire string at once with your desired replacements:

In [10]: re.sub(r'([XYZAB]+)', r'[target]1[endtarget]', test_string)
Out[10]: 'alsikjuy[target]ZB[endtarget]8we4 a[target]BB[endtarget]e8[target]XAZ[endtarget] piar[target]B[endtarget]q8 [target]B[endtarget]q84[target]Z[endtarget] '

With this approach, re.finditer is not not needed at all.

Answered By: Michael Delgado
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