Split list into smaller lists (split in half)

Question:

I am looking for a way to easily split a python list in half.

So that if I have an array:

A = [0,1,2,3,4,5]

I would be able to get:

B = [0,1,2]

C = [3,4,5]
Asked By: corymathews

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Answers:

def splitter(A):
    B = A[0:len(A)//2]
    C = A[len(A)//2:]

 return (B,C)

I tested, and the double slash is required to force int division in python 3. My original post was correct, although wysiwyg broke in Opera, for some reason.

Answered By: Stefan Kendall
A = [1,2,3,4,5,6]
B = A[:len(A)//2]
C = A[len(A)//2:]

If you want a function:

def split_list(a_list):
    half = len(a_list)//2
    return a_list[:half], a_list[half:]

A = [1,2,3,4,5,6]
B, C = split_list(A)
Answered By: Jason Coon

B,C=A[:len(A)/2],A[len(A)/2:]

Answered By: John Montgomery

Using list slicing. The syntax is basically my_list[start_index:end_index]

>>> i = [0,1,2,3,4,5]
>>> i[:3] # same as i[0:3] - grabs from first to third index (0->2)
[0, 1, 2]
>>> i[3:] # same as i[3:len(i)] - grabs from fourth index to end
[3, 4, 5]

To get the first half of the list, you slice from the first index to len(i)//2 (where // is the integer division – so 3//2 will give the floored result of1, instead of the invalid list index of1.5`):

>>> i[:len(i)//2]
[0, 1, 2]

..and the swap the values around to get the second half:

>>> i[len(i)//2:]
[3, 4, 5]
Answered By: dbr

A little more generic solution (you can specify the number of parts you want, not just split ‘in half’):

def split_list(alist, wanted_parts=1):
    length = len(alist)
    return [ alist[i*length // wanted_parts: (i+1)*length // wanted_parts] 
             for i in range(wanted_parts) ]

A = [0,1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9]

print split_list(A, wanted_parts=1)
print split_list(A, wanted_parts=2)
print split_list(A, wanted_parts=8)
Answered By: ChristopheD

While the answers above are more or less correct, you may run into trouble if the size of your array isn’t divisible by 2, as the result of a / 2, a being odd, is a float in python 3.0, and in earlier version if you specify from __future__ import division at the beginning of your script. You are in any case better off going for integer division, i.e. a // 2, in order to get “forward” compatibility of your code.

Answered By: user91259
f = lambda A, n=3: [A[i:i+n] for i in range(0, len(A), n)]
f(A)

n – the predefined length of result arrays

Answered By: Jaro

There is an official Python receipe for the more generalized case of splitting an array into smaller arrays of size n.

from itertools import izip_longest
def grouper(n, iterable, fillvalue=None):
    "Collect data into fixed-length chunks or blocks"
    # grouper(3, 'ABCDEFG', 'x') --> ABC DEF Gxx
    args = [iter(iterable)] * n
    return izip_longest(fillvalue=fillvalue, *args)

This code snippet is from the python itertools doc page.

Answered By: Jonathan Berger

If you don’t care about the order…

def split(list):  
    return list[::2], list[1::2]

list[::2] gets every second element in the list starting from the 0th element.
list[1::2] gets every second element in the list starting from the 1st element.

Answered By: sentythee

Here is a common solution, split arr into count part

def split(arr, count):
     return [arr[i::count] for i in range(count)]
Answered By: Chris Song

With hints from @ChristopheD

def line_split(N, K=1):
    length = len(N)
    return [N[i*length/K:(i+1)*length/K] for i in range(K)]

A = [0,1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9]
print line_split(A,1)
print line_split(A,2)
Answered By: PunjCoder
def split(arr, size):
     arrs = []
     while len(arr) > size:
         pice = arr[:size]
         arrs.append(pice)
         arr   = arr[size:]
     arrs.append(arr)
     return arrs

Test:

x=[1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13]
print(split(x, 5))

result:

[[1, 2, 3, 4, 5], [6, 7, 8, 9, 10], [11, 12, 13]]
Answered By: Siamand

This is similar to other solutions, but a little faster.

# Usage: split_half([1,2,3,4,5]) Result: ([1, 2], [3, 4, 5])

def split_half(a):
    half = len(a) >> 1
    return a[:half], a[half:]
#for python 3
    A = [0,1,2,3,4,5]
    l = len(A)/2
    B = A[:int(l)]
    C = A[int(l):]       
Answered By: SuperGuy10

If you have a big list, It’s better to use itertools and write a function to yield each part as needed:

from itertools import islice

def make_chunks(data, SIZE):
    it = iter(data)
    # use `xragne` if you are in python 2.7:
    for i in range(0, len(data), SIZE):
        yield [k for k in islice(it, SIZE)]

You can use this like:

A = [0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6]

size = len(A) // 2

for sample in make_chunks(A, size):
    print(sample)

The output is:

[0, 1, 2]
[3, 4, 5]
[6]

Thanks to @thefourtheye and @Bede Constantinides

Answered By: M.A. Heshmat Khah

10 years later.. I thought – why not add another:

arr = 'Some random string' * 10; n = 4
print([arr[e:e+n] for e in range(0,len(arr),n)])
Answered By: RoyM

Another take on this problem in 2020 … Here’s a generalization of the problem. I interpret the ‘divide a list in half’ to be .. (i.e. two lists only and there shall be no spillover to a third array in case of an odd one out etc). For instance, if the array length is 19 and a division by two using // operator gives 9, and we will end up having two arrays of length 9 and one array (third) of length 1 (so in total three arrays). If we’d want a general solution to give two arrays all the time, I will assume that we are happy with resulting duo arrays that are not equal in length (one will be longer than the other). And that its assumed to be ok to have the order mixed (alternating in this case).

"""
arrayinput --> is an array of length N that you wish to split 2 times
"""
ctr = 1 # lets initialize a counter

holder_1 = []
holder_2 = []

for i in range(len(arrayinput)): 

    if ctr == 1 :
        holder_1.append(arrayinput[i])
    elif ctr == 2: 
        holder_2.append(arrayinput[i])

    ctr += 1 

    if ctr > 2 : # if it exceeds 2 then we reset 
        ctr = 1 

This concept works for any amount of list partition as you’d like (you’d have to tweak the code depending on how many list parts you want). And is rather straightforward to interpret. To speed things up , you can even write this loop in cython / C / C++ to speed things up. Then again, I’ve tried this code on relatively small lists ~ 10,000 rows and it finishes in a fraction of second.

Just my two cents.

Thanks!

Answered By: aaronlhe

General solution split list into n parts with parameter verification:

def sp(l,n):
    # split list l into n parts 
    if l: 
        p = len(l) if n < 1 else len(l) // n   # no split
        p = p if p > 0 else 1                  # split down to elements
        for i in range(0, len(l), p):
            yield l[i:i+p]
    else:
        yield [] # empty list split returns empty list
Answered By: Jacek Błocki
from itertools import islice 

Input = [2, 5, 3, 4, 8, 9, 1] 
small_list_length = [1, 2, 3, 1] 

Input1 = iter(Input) 

Result = [list(islice(Input1, elem)) for elem in small_list_length] 

print("Input list :", Input) 

print("Split length list: ", small_list_length) 

print("List after splitting", Result)
Answered By: POOJITHA RUTHALA

Since there was no restriction put on which package we can use.. Numpy has a function called split with which you can easily split an array any way you like.

Example

import numpy as np
A = np.array(list('abcdefg'))
np.split(A, 2)
Answered By: zwep
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