Using Random Forest algorithm, I have an over-fitting problem and my model does not seem to generalise well. How can I fix this?


I am using the Random Forest algorithm in Python to classify a large dataset with a large number of features.
It seems that the model is not generalizing well and the problem is overfitting, that means the model is too complex for the given dataset and captures noise in the training data. Don’t know what can I do.

This is my code:

from sklearn.ensemble import RandomForestClassifier
from sklearn.model_selection import train_test_split

# Load dataset and create train and test sets
X_train, X_test, y_train, y_test = train_test_split(X, y, test_size=0.2)

# Create and fit the Random Forest model
rf_model = RandomForestClassifier(), y_train


Asked By: Kamila Dratwa



Overfitting in a Random Forest model can occur when the model is too complex for the given dataset and captures noise in the training data. There are several ways to address this issue:

Reduce the number of features: By using feature selection techniques such as mutual information or permutation importance, you can select the most important features in the dataset and remove less informative features.

Increase the sample size: Increasing the size of the dataset can help reduce the chances of overfitting.

Regularize the model: By setting the hyperparameter "min_samples_leaf" to a small value, you can increase the regularization of the model and reduce overfitting.

Use cross-validation: By using techniques such as k-fold cross-validation, you can train the model on different subsets of the data and check how well it generalizes to unseen data.

Use early stopping: When training the model, you can monitor the performance of the model on a validation set and stop training when the performance starts to degrade.

Decrease the number of trees in the random forest: A smaller number of trees in the random forest will make the model less complex and reduce overfitting.

It’s recommended to try different combinations of these techniques to find the best solution for your dataset.

Answered By: Laura Jarosz