# Arrange output vertically and side-by-side in python

## Question:

So I want to arrange arithmetic problems vertically in a nice column.

Code:
`def arithmetic_arranger(problems, calculate = False):

``````for problem in problems:
problem = problem.split()
first_number = problem[0]
second_number = problem[2]
sign = problem[1]

try:
first_number = int(first_number)
second_number = int(second_number)
except:
print('Error: Numbers must only contain digits.')
break

if calculate is True:
if sign == '+':
result = first_number + second_number
else:
result = first_number - second_number

print(f'{first_number}n{sign} {second_number}n-----')

if calculate is True:
print(result)
``````

arithmetic_arranger(["32 + 8", "1 – 3801", "9999 + 9999", "523 – 49"], True)`

This is the current output:

``````
+ 8
-----
40
1
- 3801
-----
-3800
9999
+ 9999
-----
19998
523
- 49
-----
474

``````

And I want to turn that into:

``````  32         1      9999      523
+  8    - 3801    + 9999    -  49
----    ------    ------    -----
40     -3800     19998      474
``````

I have tried adding first numbers to list and then displaying them in the row but that didn’t really work.

I’d approach this by creating a function that takes the two numbers to add/subtract as numbers, not strings. Then using `len(str(x))` to infer the printed length of the number as a string, we can print the appropraite number of leading spaces and dashes.

``````def long_op(x, y, op="+"):
if op == "+":
result = x + y
elif op == "-":
result = x - y
else:
raise ValueError("op must be + or -")
width = max([len(str(i)) for i in [x, y]])
first = " " * (2 + width - len(str(x))) + str(x)
second = op + " " * (1 + width - len(str(y))) + str(y)
bar = "-" * (2 + width)
last = " " * (2 + width - len(str(result))) + str(result)
return "n".join([first, second, bar, last])

def multi_ops(*args):
long_ops = [long_op(*arg).split("n") for arg in args]
transpose = list(map(list, zip(*long_ops)))
return "n".join(["   ".join(l) for l in transpose])

print(long_op(32,8))
print()
print(multi_ops([32,8], [1,3801,"-"], [9999,9999], [523,49,"-"]))
``````

Output:

``````  32
+  8
----
40

32        1     9999     523
+  8   - 3801   + 9999   -  49
----   ------   ------   -----
40    -3800    19998     474
``````

Demo at SageCell.SageMath.org.

Here is a proposition (based on your code) with a little help from .

``````#pip install tabulate
from tabulate import tabulate
​
def arithmetic_arranger(problems, calculate=False):
problem_lists = [problem.split() for problem in problems]

if calculate:
results = [eval(" ".join(problem)) for problem in problem_lists]
problem_lists = [problem_lists[i] + [result]
for i, result in enumerate(results)]

problem_lists = list(map(list, zip(*problem_lists)))
problem_lists[1:3] = [[" ".join(x)
for x in zip(problem_lists[1], problem_lists[2])]]
​
print(tabulate(problem_lists, tablefmt="simple", showindex=False,
numalign="right", stralign="right"))
``````

Output :

``````arithmetic_arranger(["32 + 8", "1 - 3801", "9999 + 9999", "523 - 49"], True)
​
---  ------  ------  ----
32       1    9999   523
+ 8  - 3801  + 9999  - 49
40   -3800   19998   474
---  ------  ------  ----
``````
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