What does a leading `x` mean in a Python string `xaa`


What is difference between 'aa' and 'xaa'? What does the x part mean? And which chapter of the Python documentation covers this topic?

Asked By: Haiyuan Zhang



That’s unicode character escaping. See “Unicode Constructors” on PEP 100

Answered By: Jake Wharton

The leading x escape sequence means the next two characters are interpreted as hex digits for the character code, so xaa equals chr(0xaa), i.e., chr(16 * 10 + 10) — a small raised lowercase 'a' character.

Escape sequences are documented in a short table here in the Python docs.

Answered By: Alex Martelli
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